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Photocatalysis assisted by peroxymonosulfate and persulfate for benzotriazole degradation: effect of pH on sulfate and hydroxyl radicals.
Water Sci Technol. 2015; 72(11):2095-102.WS

Abstract

Recently, notable attempts have been devoted to removing emerging pollutants from water resources. Benzotriazole (BTA) as an emerging pollutant has widely been detected in the aquatic environment and water resources. In the current work, peroxymonosulfate (PMS) and persulfate (PS) were added to a TiO2/UV system for BTA degradation, as electron acceptors to overcome recombination of hole and electron. Additions of PMS and PS to the photocatalysis process considerably increased removal efficiency. The rate constants of UV/TiO2/PMS, UV/TiO2/PS and UV/TiO2 were 0.0217 min(-1), 0.0152 min(-1) and 0.0052 min(-1) respectively. The results showed that pH significantly affected the UV/TiO2/PMS system while it marginally affected UV/TiO2/PS. Scavenging experiments using alcohols indicated that in acidic pH, the dominant oxidant was sulfate radical in both systems. The contribution of hydroxyl radical in BTA degradation was boosted at alkaline and neutral conditions especially in the UV/TiO2/PMS system. Moreover, other scavenging experiments implied that reaction of radicals occurred at both the catalyst surface and in solution. The mineralization results showed that PMS and PS significantly increased chemical oxygen demand and total organic carbon removal efficiencies. In general, presence of PMS in the photocatalysis process had a better performance compared to PS in terms of BTA removal and mineralization.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Environmental Technologies Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran; Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran E-mail: ghanbari.env@gmail.com.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran E-mail: ghanbari.env@gmail.com.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Paramedicine and Public Health, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran and Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26606105

Citation

Ahmadi, Mehdi, et al. "Photocatalysis Assisted By Peroxymonosulfate and Persulfate for Benzotriazole Degradation: Effect of pH On Sulfate and Hydroxyl Radicals." Water Science and Technology : a Journal of the International Association On Water Pollution Research, vol. 72, no. 11, 2015, pp. 2095-102.
Ahmadi M, Ghanbari F, Moradi M. Photocatalysis assisted by peroxymonosulfate and persulfate for benzotriazole degradation: effect of pH on sulfate and hydroxyl radicals. Water Sci Technol. 2015;72(11):2095-102.
Ahmadi, M., Ghanbari, F., & Moradi, M. (2015). Photocatalysis assisted by peroxymonosulfate and persulfate for benzotriazole degradation: effect of pH on sulfate and hydroxyl radicals. Water Science and Technology : a Journal of the International Association On Water Pollution Research, 72(11), 2095-102. https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2015.437
Ahmadi M, Ghanbari F, Moradi M. Photocatalysis Assisted By Peroxymonosulfate and Persulfate for Benzotriazole Degradation: Effect of pH On Sulfate and Hydroxyl Radicals. Water Sci Technol. 2015;72(11):2095-102. PubMed PMID: 26606105.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Photocatalysis assisted by peroxymonosulfate and persulfate for benzotriazole degradation: effect of pH on sulfate and hydroxyl radicals. AU - Ahmadi,Mehdi, AU - Ghanbari,Farshid, AU - Moradi,Mahsa, PY - 2015/11/26/entrez PY - 2015/11/26/pubmed PY - 2016/2/10/medline SP - 2095 EP - 102 JF - Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research JO - Water Sci Technol VL - 72 IS - 11 N2 - Recently, notable attempts have been devoted to removing emerging pollutants from water resources. Benzotriazole (BTA) as an emerging pollutant has widely been detected in the aquatic environment and water resources. In the current work, peroxymonosulfate (PMS) and persulfate (PS) were added to a TiO2/UV system for BTA degradation, as electron acceptors to overcome recombination of hole and electron. Additions of PMS and PS to the photocatalysis process considerably increased removal efficiency. The rate constants of UV/TiO2/PMS, UV/TiO2/PS and UV/TiO2 were 0.0217 min(-1), 0.0152 min(-1) and 0.0052 min(-1) respectively. The results showed that pH significantly affected the UV/TiO2/PMS system while it marginally affected UV/TiO2/PS. Scavenging experiments using alcohols indicated that in acidic pH, the dominant oxidant was sulfate radical in both systems. The contribution of hydroxyl radical in BTA degradation was boosted at alkaline and neutral conditions especially in the UV/TiO2/PMS system. Moreover, other scavenging experiments implied that reaction of radicals occurred at both the catalyst surface and in solution. The mineralization results showed that PMS and PS significantly increased chemical oxygen demand and total organic carbon removal efficiencies. In general, presence of PMS in the photocatalysis process had a better performance compared to PS in terms of BTA removal and mineralization. SN - 0273-1223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26606105/Photocatalysis_assisted_by_peroxymonosulfate_and_persulfate_for_benzotriazole_degradation:_effect_of_pH_on_sulfate_and_hydroxyl_radicals_ L2 - https://iwaponline.com/wst/article-lookup/doi/10.2166/wst.2015.437 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -