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Weight Perception, Satisfaction, Control, and Low Energy Dietary Reporting in the U.S. Adult Population: Results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2012.
J Acad Nutr Diet. 2016 Apr; 116(4):579-89.JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Prior research has indicated that several factors are associated with low energy dietary reporting; however, there is comparatively little information on the association between body image, weight control, and low energy reporting.

OBJECTIVE

Our aim was to evaluate the association between low energy reporting and aspects of weight perception, satisfaction, and control in a nationally representative US adult sample.

DESIGN

This was a cross-sectional study.

PARTICIPANTS/SETTING

Data were analyzed from 13,581 adults aged 20 years and older who participated in the 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Data on sociodemographic, clinical, and lifestyle characteristics, and weight perception, satisfaction, and control were collected. The ratio of reported energy intake to estimated basal metabolic rate (EI/BMR) was calculated and used for the assessment of low energy reporting.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

The relationship of low energy reporting with various aspects of weight perception, satisfaction, and control was evaluated.

STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED

Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess the association between the variables.

RESULTS

Low energy reporters were significantly more likely to consider themselves overweight (perception), want to weigh less (satisfaction), and to have tried to lose weight in the past 12 months (control). Compared with having no desire for weight change, wanting to weigh less was associated with 1.28 (95% CI 1.07 to 1.53) times higher odds for low energy reporting. Trying to lose weight was also associated with low energy reporting (odds ratio=1.56; 95% CI 1.38 to 1.76). Effect modification by obesity status was observed for the weight perception, satisfaction, and control variables where the odds ratios of these factors for low energy reporting were higher among those who were not obese.

CONCLUSION

Weight perception, satisfaction, and control are related to low energy reporting, and should be taken into account in nutritional assessments. In addition, the effect of these factors can differ by obesity status.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26612768

Citation

Tyrovolas, Stefanos, et al. "Weight Perception, Satisfaction, Control, and Low Energy Dietary Reporting in the U.S. Adult Population: Results From the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2012." Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, vol. 116, no. 4, 2016, pp. 579-89.
Tyrovolas S, Koyanagi A, Stickley A, et al. Weight Perception, Satisfaction, Control, and Low Energy Dietary Reporting in the U.S. Adult Population: Results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2012. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2016;116(4):579-89.
Tyrovolas, S., Koyanagi, A., Stickley, A., & Haro, J. M. (2016). Weight Perception, Satisfaction, Control, and Low Energy Dietary Reporting in the U.S. Adult Population: Results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2012. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 116(4), 579-89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2015.09.022
Tyrovolas S, et al. Weight Perception, Satisfaction, Control, and Low Energy Dietary Reporting in the U.S. Adult Population: Results From the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2012. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2016;116(4):579-89. PubMed PMID: 26612768.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Weight Perception, Satisfaction, Control, and Low Energy Dietary Reporting in the U.S. Adult Population: Results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2012. AU - Tyrovolas,Stefanos, AU - Koyanagi,Ai, AU - Stickley,Andrew, AU - Haro,Josep Maria, Y1 - 2015/11/21/ PY - 2015/06/04/received PY - 2015/09/29/accepted PY - 2015/11/28/entrez PY - 2015/11/28/pubmed PY - 2016/8/16/medline KW - Dietary assessment KW - Low energy reporting KW - Misreporting KW - National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) KW - Self-perceived weight status SP - 579 EP - 89 JF - Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics JO - J Acad Nutr Diet VL - 116 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: Prior research has indicated that several factors are associated with low energy dietary reporting; however, there is comparatively little information on the association between body image, weight control, and low energy reporting. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the association between low energy reporting and aspects of weight perception, satisfaction, and control in a nationally representative US adult sample. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: Data were analyzed from 13,581 adults aged 20 years and older who participated in the 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Data on sociodemographic, clinical, and lifestyle characteristics, and weight perception, satisfaction, and control were collected. The ratio of reported energy intake to estimated basal metabolic rate (EI/BMR) was calculated and used for the assessment of low energy reporting. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The relationship of low energy reporting with various aspects of weight perception, satisfaction, and control was evaluated. STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED: Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess the association between the variables. RESULTS: Low energy reporters were significantly more likely to consider themselves overweight (perception), want to weigh less (satisfaction), and to have tried to lose weight in the past 12 months (control). Compared with having no desire for weight change, wanting to weigh less was associated with 1.28 (95% CI 1.07 to 1.53) times higher odds for low energy reporting. Trying to lose weight was also associated with low energy reporting (odds ratio=1.56; 95% CI 1.38 to 1.76). Effect modification by obesity status was observed for the weight perception, satisfaction, and control variables where the odds ratios of these factors for low energy reporting were higher among those who were not obese. CONCLUSION: Weight perception, satisfaction, and control are related to low energy reporting, and should be taken into account in nutritional assessments. In addition, the effect of these factors can differ by obesity status. SN - 2212-2672 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26612768/Weight_Perception_Satisfaction_Control_and_Low_Energy_Dietary_Reporting_in_the_U_S__Adult_Population:_Results_from_the_National_Health_and_Nutrition_Examination_Survey_2007_2012_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2212-2672(15)01513-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -