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Canned Vegetable and Fruit Consumption Is Associated with Changes in Nutrient Intake and Higher Diet Quality in Children and Adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2010.
J Acad Nutr Diet 2016; 116(6):940-8JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Canned vegetables and fruit (CV+CF) are ubiquitous throughout the food supply. Yet information regarding their specific contribution to nutrient intake and health measures is lacking.

OBJECTIVE

The objective of this study was to examine the association of CV+CF with nutrient intake, diet quality, anthropometric indicators of overweight/obesity, and blood pressure in a nationally representative population.

DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS

A secondary analysis of cross-sectional data from 17,344 children and 24,807 adults in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2010 was conducted. A dataset was developed that distinguished CV+CF consumers from nonconsumers.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Diet quality was calculated using the Healthy Eating Index 2010.

STATISTICAL ANALYSES

Regression analysis determined differences between groups.

RESULTS

About 11% of the population consumed CV+CF on a given day. Compared with nonconsumers, child (n=2,066) and adult (n=2,746) CV+CF consumers ate more energy, and energy adjusted dietary fiber, total sugar, choline, and potassium, and less fat and saturated fat. Child consumers also ate more energy adjusted protein, vitamin A, calcium, and magnesium. Child and adult consumers and nonconsumers had comparable energy adjusted sodium and added sugar intakes. Compared with nonconsumers, the total Healthy Eating Index 2010 score was higher (P<0.001) in child (45.8±0.5 vs 43.3±0.3) and adult (49.0±0.4 vs 47.4±0.3) consumers. Covariate adjusted body weight, body mass index, waist circumference, and blood pressure were comparable in both of the child and adult groups.

CONCLUSIONS

Results suggest CV+CF consumption was associated with higher intake of select nutrients, a higher-quality diet, and comparable adiposity measures and blood pressure.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26617186

Citation

Freedman, Marjorie R., and Victor L. Fulgoni. "Canned Vegetable and Fruit Consumption Is Associated With Changes in Nutrient Intake and Higher Diet Quality in Children and Adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2010." Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, vol. 116, no. 6, 2016, pp. 940-8.
Freedman MR, Fulgoni VL. Canned Vegetable and Fruit Consumption Is Associated with Changes in Nutrient Intake and Higher Diet Quality in Children and Adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2010. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2016;116(6):940-8.
Freedman, M. R., & Fulgoni, V. L. (2016). Canned Vegetable and Fruit Consumption Is Associated with Changes in Nutrient Intake and Higher Diet Quality in Children and Adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2010. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 116(6), pp. 940-8. doi:10.1016/j.jand.2015.10.013.
Freedman MR, Fulgoni VL. Canned Vegetable and Fruit Consumption Is Associated With Changes in Nutrient Intake and Higher Diet Quality in Children and Adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2010. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2016;116(6):940-8. PubMed PMID: 26617186.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Canned Vegetable and Fruit Consumption Is Associated with Changes in Nutrient Intake and Higher Diet Quality in Children and Adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2010. AU - Freedman,Marjorie R, AU - Fulgoni,Victor L,3rd Y1 - 2015/11/24/ PY - 2015/02/10/received PY - 2015/10/14/accepted PY - 2015/12/1/entrez PY - 2015/12/1/pubmed PY - 2017/6/8/medline KW - Canned fruit KW - Canned vegetables KW - Diet quality KW - National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) KW - Nutrient intake SP - 940 EP - 8 JF - Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics JO - J Acad Nutr Diet VL - 116 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: Canned vegetables and fruit (CV+CF) are ubiquitous throughout the food supply. Yet information regarding their specific contribution to nutrient intake and health measures is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the association of CV+CF with nutrient intake, diet quality, anthropometric indicators of overweight/obesity, and blood pressure in a nationally representative population. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A secondary analysis of cross-sectional data from 17,344 children and 24,807 adults in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2010 was conducted. A dataset was developed that distinguished CV+CF consumers from nonconsumers. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Diet quality was calculated using the Healthy Eating Index 2010. STATISTICAL ANALYSES: Regression analysis determined differences between groups. RESULTS: About 11% of the population consumed CV+CF on a given day. Compared with nonconsumers, child (n=2,066) and adult (n=2,746) CV+CF consumers ate more energy, and energy adjusted dietary fiber, total sugar, choline, and potassium, and less fat and saturated fat. Child consumers also ate more energy adjusted protein, vitamin A, calcium, and magnesium. Child and adult consumers and nonconsumers had comparable energy adjusted sodium and added sugar intakes. Compared with nonconsumers, the total Healthy Eating Index 2010 score was higher (P<0.001) in child (45.8±0.5 vs 43.3±0.3) and adult (49.0±0.4 vs 47.4±0.3) consumers. Covariate adjusted body weight, body mass index, waist circumference, and blood pressure were comparable in both of the child and adult groups. CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest CV+CF consumption was associated with higher intake of select nutrients, a higher-quality diet, and comparable adiposity measures and blood pressure. SN - 2212-2672 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26617186/Canned_Vegetable_and_Fruit_Consumption_Is_Associated_with_Changes_in_Nutrient_Intake_and_Higher_Diet_Quality_in_Children_and_Adults:_National_Health_and_Nutrition_Examination_Survey_2001_2010_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2212-2672(15)01587-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -