Factors Affecting Visual Field Outcomes in the Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension Treatment Trial.J Neuroophthalmol. 2016 Mar; 36(1):6-12.JN
To determine the prevalence of visual field (VF) performance failures (PF) and treatment failures (TFs), and identify factors associated with PFs in the Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension Treatment Trial (IIHTT).
A total of 165 participants from 38 sites with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) and mild visual loss were randomized to either acetazolamide-plus diet or placebo-plus diet. The IIHTT Visual Field Reading Center evaluated 2950 Swedish Interactive Threshold Algorithm Standard 24-2 VFs from the enrolled participants. A TF was defined when the participant's VF mean deviation (MD) worsened ≥2 to 3 dB from the average baseline MD (range of -2 to -7 dB) with a second retest confirming the visual deterioration. A PF was determined when the participant's: 1) VF results met TF criteria but were not confirmed on retest, 2) deterioration was confirmed on retest but the IIHTT Adjudication Committee concluded a TF was clinically unlikely.
TF was detected in 7/165 (4%) of the participants and PF was detected in 35/165 (21%) of the participants on at least 1 examination. Four of the 35 PFs were adjudicated for TF, however based on clinical review by the adjudication committee and a third retest, they were judged as PFs. Of the 2,950 total IIHTT VF examinations, 2.7% met PF criteria.
PF was confirmed in 21% of subjects and in 2.7% of the total number of VF examinations and was reversible on repeat testing. We recommend retesting when perimetric worsening occurs in otherwise clinically stable or improving IIH patients.