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Roles of Kermanshahi Oil, Animal Fat, Dietary and Non- Dietary Vitamin D and other Nutrients in Increased Risk of Premenopausal Breast Cancer: A Case Control Study in Kermanshah, Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Kermanshahi oil is one the most favorable oils in Iran especially in Kermanshah province. We aimed to evaluate the role of usual intake of Kermanshahi oil and other kinds of dietary fats as well as different meats, vegetables and fruits, carbohydrates, cereals, grains, sweets, candy and lifestyle habits in risk of breast cancer.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

A case-control study with 47 consecutive, newly diagnosed premenopausal breast- cancer patients and 105 age and socioeconomic matched healthy women was conducted from 2013-2014 in Imam Reza hospital of Kermanshah using a standardized, validated questionnaire assessing various anthropometric, socio-demographic, lifestyle and dietary characteristics.

RESULTS

Kermanshahi oil intake was associated with a 2.1-fold (OR= 2.123, 95% CI 1.332- 3.38) (p= 0.002) higher likelihood of having breast cancer, while daily intake of other solid animal fats also increased the likelihood by 2.8-fold (OR = 2.754, 95% CI 1.43- 5.273) (p < 0.001), after various adjustments made. Lack of fish oil, white meat, vegetables, soy products, nuts and dairy products (especially during adolescence) in daily regimens and lack of sun exposure were significantly associated with premenopausal breast cancer risk in this region.

CONCLUSIONS

This study suggested that animal fat increases the risk of premenopausal breast cancer but many other dietary and non-dietary factors including calcium and vitamin D deficiency are consistently associated with increased odds of breast cancer in this region.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center, Islamic Azad University, Pharmaceutical Sciences Branch (IAUPS), Tehran, Iran E-mail : sepideharbabi@yahoo.com.

    ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Breast Neoplasms
    Calcium, Dietary
    Case-Control Studies
    Dairy Products
    Diet
    Dietary Fats
    Feeding Behavior
    Female
    Fruit
    Humans
    Iran
    Life Style
    Meat
    Premenopause
    Risk
    Risk Factors
    Soy Foods
    Surveys and Questionnaires
    Vegetables
    Vitamin D
    Vitamin D Deficiency

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    26625747

    Citation

    Salarabadi, Asadollah, et al. "Roles of Kermanshahi Oil, Animal Fat, Dietary and Non- Dietary Vitamin D and Other Nutrients in Increased Risk of Premenopausal Breast Cancer: a Case Control Study in Kermanshah, Iran." Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention : APJCP, vol. 16, no. 17, 2015, pp. 7473-8.
    Salarabadi A, Bidgoli SA, Madani SH. Roles of Kermanshahi Oil, Animal Fat, Dietary and Non- Dietary Vitamin D and other Nutrients in Increased Risk of Premenopausal Breast Cancer: A Case Control Study in Kermanshah, Iran. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2015;16(17):7473-8.
    Salarabadi, A., Bidgoli, S. A., & Madani, S. H. (2015). Roles of Kermanshahi Oil, Animal Fat, Dietary and Non- Dietary Vitamin D and other Nutrients in Increased Risk of Premenopausal Breast Cancer: A Case Control Study in Kermanshah, Iran. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention : APJCP, 16(17), pp. 7473-8.
    Salarabadi A, Bidgoli SA, Madani SH. Roles of Kermanshahi Oil, Animal Fat, Dietary and Non- Dietary Vitamin D and Other Nutrients in Increased Risk of Premenopausal Breast Cancer: a Case Control Study in Kermanshah, Iran. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2015;16(17):7473-8. PubMed PMID: 26625747.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Roles of Kermanshahi Oil, Animal Fat, Dietary and Non- Dietary Vitamin D and other Nutrients in Increased Risk of Premenopausal Breast Cancer: A Case Control Study in Kermanshah, Iran. AU - Salarabadi,Asadollah, AU - Bidgoli,Sepideh Arbabi, AU - Madani,Sayed Hamid, PY - 2015/12/3/entrez PY - 2015/12/3/pubmed PY - 2016/9/27/medline SP - 7473 EP - 8 JF - Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP JO - Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev. VL - 16 IS - 17 N2 - BACKGROUND: Kermanshahi oil is one the most favorable oils in Iran especially in Kermanshah province. We aimed to evaluate the role of usual intake of Kermanshahi oil and other kinds of dietary fats as well as different meats, vegetables and fruits, carbohydrates, cereals, grains, sweets, candy and lifestyle habits in risk of breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control study with 47 consecutive, newly diagnosed premenopausal breast- cancer patients and 105 age and socioeconomic matched healthy women was conducted from 2013-2014 in Imam Reza hospital of Kermanshah using a standardized, validated questionnaire assessing various anthropometric, socio-demographic, lifestyle and dietary characteristics. RESULTS: Kermanshahi oil intake was associated with a 2.1-fold (OR= 2.123, 95% CI 1.332- 3.38) (p= 0.002) higher likelihood of having breast cancer, while daily intake of other solid animal fats also increased the likelihood by 2.8-fold (OR = 2.754, 95% CI 1.43- 5.273) (p < 0.001), after various adjustments made. Lack of fish oil, white meat, vegetables, soy products, nuts and dairy products (especially during adolescence) in daily regimens and lack of sun exposure were significantly associated with premenopausal breast cancer risk in this region. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggested that animal fat increases the risk of premenopausal breast cancer but many other dietary and non-dietary factors including calcium and vitamin D deficiency are consistently associated with increased odds of breast cancer in this region. SN - 2476-762X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26625747/Roles_of_Kermanshahi_Oil_Animal_Fat_Dietary_and_Non__Dietary_Vitamin_D_and_other_Nutrients_in_Increased_Risk_of_Premenopausal_Breast_Cancer:_A_Case_Control_Study_in_Kermanshah_Iran_ L2 - http://journal.waocp.org/?sid=Entrez:PubMed&amp;id=pmid:26625747&amp;key=2015.16.17.7473 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -