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Beneficial effects of Glycyrrhizae radix extract in preventing oxidative damage and extending the lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans.
J Ethnopharmacol 2016; 177:101-10JE

Abstract

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE

Glycyrrhizae radix (GR) is a medicinal herb extensively used in traditional Chinese medicine. This study aimed to evaluate the pharmacological effect of GR and the possible mechanisms of GR, to provide a pharmacological basis in traditional medicine.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

In the present study, C. elegans (L1-larvae to young adults) was exposed to 0.12-0.24 g/mL of GR in 12-well sterile tissue culture plates at 20°C in the presence of food. Lethality, growth, lifespan, reproduction, locomotion, metabolism, intestinal autofluorescence, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production assays were performed to investigate the possible safety profile and beneficial effects of GR in these nematodes. We found that the lifespan of nematodes exposed to 0.18-0.24 g/mL of GR was extended. We then determined the mechanism of the longevity effect of GR using quantitative reverse transcription PCR and oxidative stress resistance assays induced by heat and paraquat.

RESULTS

Prolonged exposure to 0.12-0.24 g/mL of GR did not induce lethality, alter body length, morphology or metabolism, affect brood size, locomotion, the development of D-type GABAergic motor neurons, or induce significant induction of intestinal autofluorescence and intestinal ROS production. In C. elegans, pretreatment with GR suppressed the damage due to heat-stress or oxidative stress induced by paraquat, a ROS generator, on lifespan, and inhibited the induction of intestinal ROS production induced by paraquat. Moreover, prolonged exposure to GR extended lifespan, increased locomotion and decreased intestinal ROS production in adult day-12 nematodes. Furthermore, prolonged exposure to GR significantly altered the expression patterns of genes encoding the insulin-like signaling pathway which had a key role in longevity control. Mutation of daf-16 gene encoding the FOXO transcription factor significantly decreased lifespan, suppressed locomotion, and increased intestinal ROS production in GR exposed adult nematodes.

CONCLUSIONS

GR is relatively safe and has protective effects against the damage caused by both heat-stress and oxidative stress at the examined concentrations. Furthermore, GR is capable of extending the lifespan of nematodes, and the insulin-like signaling pathway may play a crucial role in regulating the lifespan-extending effects of GR.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for Drug Safety Evaluation and Research, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023, China; Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Chinese Medicinal Resources Industrialization, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023, China; Jiangsu Key Laboratory for High Technology Research of TCM Formulae, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023, China.Center for Drug Safety Evaluation and Research, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023, China.Key Laboratory of Developmental Genes and Human Disease in Ministry of Education, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing 210009, China.Center for Drug Safety Evaluation and Research, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023, China.Center for Drug Safety Evaluation and Research, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023, China; Jiangsu Key Laboratory for High Technology Research of TCM Formulae, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023, China. Electronic address: mengwang.drug@hotmail.com.Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Chinese Medicinal Resources Industrialization, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023, China; Jiangsu Key Laboratory for High Technology Research of TCM Formulae, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023, China. Electronic address: dja@njutcm.edu.cn.Key Laboratory of Developmental Genes and Human Disease in Ministry of Education, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing 210009, China. Electronic address: dayongw@seu.edu.cn.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26626487

Citation

Ruan, Qinli, et al. "Beneficial Effects of Glycyrrhizae Radix Extract in Preventing Oxidative Damage and Extending the Lifespan of Caenorhabditis Elegans." Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 177, 2016, pp. 101-10.
Ruan Q, Qiao Y, Zhao Y, et al. Beneficial effects of Glycyrrhizae radix extract in preventing oxidative damage and extending the lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans. J Ethnopharmacol. 2016;177:101-10.
Ruan, Q., Qiao, Y., Zhao, Y., Xu, Y., Wang, M., Duan, J., & Wang, D. (2016). Beneficial effects of Glycyrrhizae radix extract in preventing oxidative damage and extending the lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 177, pp. 101-10. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2015.10.008.
Ruan Q, et al. Beneficial Effects of Glycyrrhizae Radix Extract in Preventing Oxidative Damage and Extending the Lifespan of Caenorhabditis Elegans. J Ethnopharmacol. 2016 Jan 11;177:101-10. PubMed PMID: 26626487.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Beneficial effects of Glycyrrhizae radix extract in preventing oxidative damage and extending the lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans. AU - Ruan,Qinli, AU - Qiao,Yan, AU - Zhao,Yunli, AU - Xu,Yun, AU - Wang,Meng, AU - Duan,Jinao, AU - Wang,Dayong, Y1 - 2015/11/25/ PY - 2015/03/17/received PY - 2015/09/08/revised PY - 2015/10/02/accepted PY - 2015/12/3/entrez PY - 2015/12/3/pubmed PY - 2016/9/28/medline KW - Beneficial effect KW - Caenorhabditis elegans KW - Glycyrrhizae radix KW - Insulin-like signaling KW - Lifespan KW - Oxidative stress SP - 101 EP - 10 JF - Journal of ethnopharmacology JO - J Ethnopharmacol VL - 177 N2 - ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Glycyrrhizae radix (GR) is a medicinal herb extensively used in traditional Chinese medicine. This study aimed to evaluate the pharmacological effect of GR and the possible mechanisms of GR, to provide a pharmacological basis in traditional medicine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, C. elegans (L1-larvae to young adults) was exposed to 0.12-0.24 g/mL of GR in 12-well sterile tissue culture plates at 20°C in the presence of food. Lethality, growth, lifespan, reproduction, locomotion, metabolism, intestinal autofluorescence, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production assays were performed to investigate the possible safety profile and beneficial effects of GR in these nematodes. We found that the lifespan of nematodes exposed to 0.18-0.24 g/mL of GR was extended. We then determined the mechanism of the longevity effect of GR using quantitative reverse transcription PCR and oxidative stress resistance assays induced by heat and paraquat. RESULTS: Prolonged exposure to 0.12-0.24 g/mL of GR did not induce lethality, alter body length, morphology or metabolism, affect brood size, locomotion, the development of D-type GABAergic motor neurons, or induce significant induction of intestinal autofluorescence and intestinal ROS production. In C. elegans, pretreatment with GR suppressed the damage due to heat-stress or oxidative stress induced by paraquat, a ROS generator, on lifespan, and inhibited the induction of intestinal ROS production induced by paraquat. Moreover, prolonged exposure to GR extended lifespan, increased locomotion and decreased intestinal ROS production in adult day-12 nematodes. Furthermore, prolonged exposure to GR significantly altered the expression patterns of genes encoding the insulin-like signaling pathway which had a key role in longevity control. Mutation of daf-16 gene encoding the FOXO transcription factor significantly decreased lifespan, suppressed locomotion, and increased intestinal ROS production in GR exposed adult nematodes. CONCLUSIONS: GR is relatively safe and has protective effects against the damage caused by both heat-stress and oxidative stress at the examined concentrations. Furthermore, GR is capable of extending the lifespan of nematodes, and the insulin-like signaling pathway may play a crucial role in regulating the lifespan-extending effects of GR. SN - 1872-7573 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26626487/Beneficial_effects_of_Glycyrrhizae_radix_extract_in_preventing_oxidative_damage_and_extending_the_lifespan_of_Caenorhabditis_elegans_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0378-8741(15)30166-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -