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Preliminary Validation and Reliability Testing of the Montreal Instrument for Cat Arthritis Testing, for Use by Veterinarians, in a Colony of Laboratory Cats.
Animals (Basel) 2015; 5(4):1252-67A

Abstract

Subtle signs and conflicting physical and radiographic findings make feline osteoarthritis (OA) challenging to diagnose. A physical examination-based assessment was developed, consisting of eight items: Interaction, Exploration, Posture, Gait, Body Condition, Coat and Claws, (joint) Palpation-Findings, and Palpation-Cat Reaction. Content (experts) and face (veterinary students) validity were excellent. Construct validity, internal consistency, and intra- and inter-rater reliability were assessed via a pilot and main study, using laboratory-housed cats with and without OA. Gait distinguished OA status in the pilot (p = 0.05) study. In the main study, no scale item achieved statistically significant OA detection. Forelimb peak vertical ground reaction force (PVF) correlated inversely with Gait (Rho s = -0.38 (p = 0.03) to -0.41 (p = 0.02)). Body Posture correlated with Gait, and inversely with forelimb PVF at two of three time points (Rho s = -0.38 (p = 0.03) to -0.43 (p = 0.01)). Palpation (Findings, Cat Reaction) did not distinguish OA from non-OA cats. Palpation-Cat Reaction (Forelimbs) correlated inversely with forelimb PVF at two time points (Rho s = -0.41 (p = 0.02) to -0.41 (p = 0.01)), but scores were highly variable, and poorly reliable. Gait and Posture require improved sensitivity, and Palpation should be interpreted cautiously, in diagnosing feline OA.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Québec Animal Pharmacology Research Group (GREPAQ), Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Université de Montréal, 1500 des vétérinaires, Saint Hyacinthe, QC J2S 7C6, Canada. mary.klinck@umontreal.ca.Québec Animal Pharmacology Research Group (GREPAQ), Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Université de Montréal, 1500 des vétérinaires, Saint Hyacinthe, QC J2S 7C6, Canada. pascale.dh.rialland@gmail.com.Québec Animal Pharmacology Research Group (GREPAQ), Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Université de Montréal, 1500 des vétérinaires, Saint Hyacinthe, QC J2S 7C6, Canada. martin.guillot@yahoo.ca.Québec Animal Pharmacology Research Group (GREPAQ), Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Université de Montréal, 1500 des vétérinaires, Saint Hyacinthe, QC J2S 7C6, Canada. m.moreau@umontreal.ca.Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Université de Montréal, 1500 des vétérinaires, Saint Hyacinthe, QC J2S 7C6, Canada. diane.frank@umontreal.ca.Québec Animal Pharmacology Research Group (GREPAQ), Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Université de Montréal, 1500 des vétérinaires, Saint Hyacinthe, QC J2S 7C6, Canada. eric.troncy@umontreal.ca.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26633524

Citation

Klinck, Mary P., et al. "Preliminary Validation and Reliability Testing of the Montreal Instrument for Cat Arthritis Testing, for Use By Veterinarians, in a Colony of Laboratory Cats." Animals : an Open Access Journal From MDPI, vol. 5, no. 4, 2015, pp. 1252-67.
Klinck MP, Rialland P, Guillot M, et al. Preliminary Validation and Reliability Testing of the Montreal Instrument for Cat Arthritis Testing, for Use by Veterinarians, in a Colony of Laboratory Cats. Animals (Basel). 2015;5(4):1252-67.
Klinck, M. P., Rialland, P., Guillot, M., Moreau, M., Frank, D., & Troncy, E. (2015). Preliminary Validation and Reliability Testing of the Montreal Instrument for Cat Arthritis Testing, for Use by Veterinarians, in a Colony of Laboratory Cats. Animals : an Open Access Journal From MDPI, 5(4), pp. 1252-67. doi:10.3390/ani5040410.
Klinck MP, et al. Preliminary Validation and Reliability Testing of the Montreal Instrument for Cat Arthritis Testing, for Use By Veterinarians, in a Colony of Laboratory Cats. Animals (Basel). 2015 Dec 2;5(4):1252-67. PubMed PMID: 26633524.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Preliminary Validation and Reliability Testing of the Montreal Instrument for Cat Arthritis Testing, for Use by Veterinarians, in a Colony of Laboratory Cats. AU - Klinck,Mary P, AU - Rialland,Pascale, AU - Guillot,Martin, AU - Moreau,Maxim, AU - Frank,Diane, AU - Troncy,Eric, Y1 - 2015/12/02/ PY - 2015/09/11/received PY - 2015/11/25/revised PY - 2015/11/25/accepted PY - 2015/12/4/entrez PY - 2015/12/4/pubmed PY - 2015/12/4/medline KW - behavior KW - degenerative joint disease KW - metrology KW - osteoarthritis KW - pain measurement KW - psychometric SP - 1252 EP - 67 JF - Animals : an open access journal from MDPI JO - Animals (Basel) VL - 5 IS - 4 N2 - Subtle signs and conflicting physical and radiographic findings make feline osteoarthritis (OA) challenging to diagnose. A physical examination-based assessment was developed, consisting of eight items: Interaction, Exploration, Posture, Gait, Body Condition, Coat and Claws, (joint) Palpation-Findings, and Palpation-Cat Reaction. Content (experts) and face (veterinary students) validity were excellent. Construct validity, internal consistency, and intra- and inter-rater reliability were assessed via a pilot and main study, using laboratory-housed cats with and without OA. Gait distinguished OA status in the pilot (p = 0.05) study. In the main study, no scale item achieved statistically significant OA detection. Forelimb peak vertical ground reaction force (PVF) correlated inversely with Gait (Rho s = -0.38 (p = 0.03) to -0.41 (p = 0.02)). Body Posture correlated with Gait, and inversely with forelimb PVF at two of three time points (Rho s = -0.38 (p = 0.03) to -0.43 (p = 0.01)). Palpation (Findings, Cat Reaction) did not distinguish OA from non-OA cats. Palpation-Cat Reaction (Forelimbs) correlated inversely with forelimb PVF at two time points (Rho s = -0.41 (p = 0.02) to -0.41 (p = 0.01)), but scores were highly variable, and poorly reliable. Gait and Posture require improved sensitivity, and Palpation should be interpreted cautiously, in diagnosing feline OA. SN - 2076-2615 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26633524/Preliminary_Validation_and_Reliability_Testing_of_the_Montreal_Instrument_for_Cat_Arthritis_Testing_for_Use_by_Veterinarians_in_a_Colony_of_Laboratory_Cats_ L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=ani5040410 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -