Autotrophic denitrification by nitrate-dependent Fe(II) oxidation in a continuous up-flow biofilter.Bioprocess Biosyst Eng. 2016 Feb; 39(2):277-84.BB
A continuous-upflow biofilter packed with sponge iron was constructed for nitrate removal under an anaerobic atmosphere. Microbacterium sp. W5, a nitrate reducing and Fe(II) oxidizing strain, was added to the biofilter as an inoculum. The best results were achieved when NO3 (-)-N concentration was 30 mg/L and Fe(2+) was 800 mg/L. Nitrite in influent would inhibit nitrate removal and aqueous Fe(2+) resulted in encrustation. Fe(II)EDTA would prevent cells from encrustation and the maximum nitrogen removal efficiency was about 90 % with Fe(II)EDTA level of 1100 mg/L. Nitrate reduction followed first-order reaction kinetics. Characteristics of biofilms were analyzed by X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy.