Magnetic (CoFe2O4)0.1(CeO2)0.9 nanocomposite as effective pinning centers in FeSe0.1Te0.9 thin films.J Phys Condens Matter 2016; 28(2):025702JP
Magnetic epitaxial (CoFe2O4)0.1(CeO2)0.9 nanocomposite layers were incorporated into superconducting FeSe0.1Te0.9 thin films as either a cap layer or a buffer layer. Both capped and buffered samples show an enhancement of the superconducting property compared to the reference sample without the incorporated layer, while the capped one shows the best pinning properties of all the samples. Specifically for the capped sample, the critical temperature Tc is ~12.5 K, while the self-field critical current density J(c)(sf)increases to as high as 1.20 MA cm(-2) at 4 K. Its J(c)(in-field) value shows a slower decrease with increasing applied magnetic field, with the lowest power-law exponent α values (derived following Jc[formula: see text](μ0H)(-α) by the log(Jc) − log(μ0H) plot) of 0.20, 0.23 and 0.33 at 2 K, 4 K and 8 K, respectively. This nanocomposite capped sample also exhibits a high upper critical field Hc2(0) of 166 T, which indicates its potential in high field applications. This pinning method provides an effective way of enhancing the superconducting property of iron chalcogenide thin film.