Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

From face to hand: Attentional bias towards expressive hands in social anxiety.
Biol Psychol. 2017 01; 122:42-50.BP

Abstract

The eye-region conveys important emotional information that we spontaneously attend to. Socially submissive individuals avoid other's gaze which is regarded as avoidance of others' emotional face expressions. But this interpretation ignores the fact that there are other sources of emotional information besides the face. Here we investigate whether gaze-aversion is associated with increased attention to emotional signals from the hands. We used eye-tracking to compare eye-fixations of pre-selected high and low socially anxious students when labeling bodily expressions (Experiment 1) with (non)-matching facial expressions (Experiment 2) and passively viewed (Experiment 3). High compared to low socially anxious individuals attended more to hand-regions. Our findings demonstrate that socially anxious individuals do attend to emotions, albeit to different signals than the eyes and the face. Our findings call for a closer investigation of alternative viewing patterns explaining gaze-avoidance and underscore that other signals besides the eyes and face must be considered to reach conclusions about social anxiety.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Leiden University, Institute of Psychology, The Cognitive Psychology Unit, The Netherlands; Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition (LIBC), The Netherlands. Electronic address: m.e.kret@fsw.leidenuniv.nl.Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Cognitive Neuropsychology, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands.Cognitive Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.Radboud University Nijmegen: Behavioural Science Institute & Donders Institute for Brain Cognition and Behaviour, The Netherlands.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26656287

Citation

Kret, Mariska E., et al. "From Face to Hand: Attentional Bias Towards Expressive Hands in Social Anxiety." Biological Psychology, vol. 122, 2017, pp. 42-50.
Kret ME, Stekelenburg JJ, de Gelder B, et al. From face to hand: Attentional bias towards expressive hands in social anxiety. Biol Psychol. 2017;122:42-50.
Kret, M. E., Stekelenburg, J. J., de Gelder, B., & Roelofs, K. (2017). From face to hand: Attentional bias towards expressive hands in social anxiety. Biological Psychology, 122, 42-50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2015.11.016
Kret ME, et al. From Face to Hand: Attentional Bias Towards Expressive Hands in Social Anxiety. Biol Psychol. 2017;122:42-50. PubMed PMID: 26656287.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - From face to hand: Attentional bias towards expressive hands in social anxiety. AU - Kret,Mariska E, AU - Stekelenburg,Jeroen J, AU - de Gelder,Beatrice, AU - Roelofs,Karin, Y1 - 2015/12/02/ PY - 2015/07/02/received PY - 2015/11/28/revised PY - 2015/11/29/accepted PY - 2015/12/15/pubmed PY - 2017/8/23/medline PY - 2015/12/15/entrez KW - Body expressions KW - Emotion KW - Emotion recognition KW - Face expressions KW - Fixations KW - Hands KW - Social anxiety SP - 42 EP - 50 JF - Biological psychology JO - Biol Psychol VL - 122 N2 - The eye-region conveys important emotional information that we spontaneously attend to. Socially submissive individuals avoid other's gaze which is regarded as avoidance of others' emotional face expressions. But this interpretation ignores the fact that there are other sources of emotional information besides the face. Here we investigate whether gaze-aversion is associated with increased attention to emotional signals from the hands. We used eye-tracking to compare eye-fixations of pre-selected high and low socially anxious students when labeling bodily expressions (Experiment 1) with (non)-matching facial expressions (Experiment 2) and passively viewed (Experiment 3). High compared to low socially anxious individuals attended more to hand-regions. Our findings demonstrate that socially anxious individuals do attend to emotions, albeit to different signals than the eyes and the face. Our findings call for a closer investigation of alternative viewing patterns explaining gaze-avoidance and underscore that other signals besides the eyes and face must be considered to reach conclusions about social anxiety. SN - 1873-6246 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26656287/From_face_to_hand:_Attentional_bias_towards_expressive_hands_in_social_anxiety_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -