ApoA1, ApoJ and ApoE Plasma Levels and Genotype Frequencies in Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy.Neuromolecular Med. 2016 Mar; 18(1):99-108.NM
The involvement of apolipoproteins, such as the ApoE4 isoform, in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) highlights the fact that certain lipid carriers may participate in soluble β-amyloid (Aβ) transport. Our general aim was to characterize the soluble levels of the apolipoproteins apoE, apoA1 and apoJ/clusterin and their genotype status in patients with CAA. We analyzed the genotypes frequency of APOA1 (rs5069, rs670), CLU (rs11136000, rs1532278, rs7012010, rs9331888) and APOE (rs429358, rs7412) in a cohort of patients with CAA-associated intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) (n = 59) and compared the results with those from hypertension-associated ICH (n = 42), AD patients (n = 73) and controls (n = 88). In a subgroup of patients, we also determined the plasma concentrations of apoE, apoA1 and apoJ/clusterin. We found increased plasma apoJ/clusterin levels in CAA patients compared to AD patients or controls after adjusting for sex and age (CAA vs. controls, p = 0.033; CAA vs. AD, p = 0.013). ApoA1 levels were not altered between groups, although a strong correlation was observed between plasma Aβ(1-40) and apoA1 among CAA patients (r = 0.583, p = 0.007). Regarding plasma apoE concentration, a robust association between circulating levels and genotype status was confirmed (p < 0.001). Whereas the APOE4 frequency was higher in AD (p < 0.001) and CAA (p = 0.013), the APOA1 and CLU genotypes were not different among groups. In the CAA cohort, the risk-linked CLU variant (C) rs11136000 was associated with white matter hyperintensities (p = 0.045) and the presence of lobar microbleeds (p = 0.023) on MRI. In summary, our findings suggest that apoA1 may act as a physiological transporter of Aβ(1-40) and that apoJ/clusterin appears to be a chaperone related to distinctive lesions in CAA brains.