[Rapid diagnosis of the most common fetal aneuploidies with the QF-PCR method--a study of 100 cases].Ginekol Pol 2015; 86(9):694-9GP
The aim of the study was to assess whether commercial kit QF-PCR can be used as the only method for rapic prenatal dia gnosis of chromosomes 13, 18, 21, X and Y aneuploidies, omitting cell culture and complete cyt6genetik analysis of fetal chromosomes.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
DNA from amniocytes (94 cases) and trophoblast cells (6 cases) was analyzed witt QF-PCR according to the manufacturer's protocol. The obtained products were separated using ABI 310 Genetic Analyzer and the resulting data were analyzed using GeneMarker software.
The results of QF-PCR were obtained in 95 out of 100 cases (95%). Abnormalities were found in 28 casea (29.5%). All these results were confirmed in subsequent cytogenetic analysis. Normal results were obtained in 62 patients (70.5%). However in that group, we found three chromosomal aberrations other than those analyzed b3 QF-PCR. Additionally two abnormal and three normal karyotypes were found in patients with inconclusive QF-POF results.
QF-PCR is a fast and reliable tool for chromosomal aneuploidy analysis and can be used as the only method without a full analysis of the karyotype, but only in cases of suspected fetal 13, 18, 21 trisomy or numerica aberrations of X chromosome. In other cases, fetal karyotype analysis from cells obtained after cell culture should be offered to the patient.