Microbial transformation of danazol with Cunninghamella blakesleeana and anti-cancer activity of danazol and its transformed products.Steroids. 2016 Jan; 105:121-7.S
Biotransformation of danazol (1) (17β-hydroxy-17α-pregna-2,4-dien-20-yno-[2,3-d]-isoxazole) with Cunninghamella blakesleeana yielded three new metabolites 2-4 and a known metabolite 5. These metabolites were identified as 14β,17β-dihydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-17α-pregn-4-en-20-yn-3-one (2), 1α,17β-dihydroxy-17α-pregna-2,4-dien-20-yno-[2,3-d]-isoxazole (3), 6β,17β-dihydroxy-17α-pregna-2,4-dien-20-yno-[2,3-d]-isoxazole (4), and 17β-hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-17α-pregn-1,4-dien-20-yn-3-one (5). Danazol (1) and its derivatives were evaluated against cervical cancer cell line (HeLa). Compound 1 showed a potent cytotoxicity with IC50=0.283±0.013 μM, as compared to doxorubicin (IC50=0.506±0.015 μM), where compound 3 was also found to be significantly active with IC50=13.427±0.819 μM.