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An overview of the contribution of dairy and cheese intakes to nutrient intakes in the Irish diet: results from the National Adult Nutrition Survey.
Br J Nutr 2016; 115(4):709-17BJ

Abstract

Dairy products are important contributors to nutrient intakes. However, dairy intakes are reportedly declining in developed populations, potentially due to concerns regarding Na and SFA in dairy foods, particularly cheese. This could impact other nutrient intakes. The present study used data from the National Adult Nutrition Survey (NANS) to (1) examine dairy intakes, with a specific focus on cheese, and (2) to examine the contribution of cheese to population nutrient intakes. The NANS captured detailed dietary intake data from a nationally representative sample (n 1500) between 2008 and 2010 using 4-d semi-weighed food diaries; 99·9% of the population reported dairy intake. Mean daily population dairy intake was 290·0 (SD 202·1) g. Dairy products provided 8·7% of the population intake of reported dietary Na, 19·8% SFA, 39% Ca, 34·5% vitamin B12 and 10·5% Mg. Cheese alone provided 3·9% Na intake, 9·1% Ca, 12·6% retinol, 8·3% SFA, 3·7% protein, 3·4% vitamin B12 and 3·2% riboflavin. High dairy consumers had greater Ca and Mg intakes per 10 MJ, greater total energy intake, greater percentage of energy from carbohydrate and SFA and lower Na intakes compared with low dairy consumers. Similar trends were observed for high consumers of cheese for most nutrients except Na. These results demonstrate that dairy and cheese are important contributors to nutrient intakes of public health interest, such as Ca and B12. Our analysis also demonstrated that food-based dietary guidelines recommending lower-fat versions of dairy products are warranted.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1Food for Health Ireland,University College Dublin,Dublin 4,Republic of Ireland.1Food for Health Ireland,University College Dublin,Dublin 4,Republic of Ireland.2UCD Institute for Food and Health,University College Dublin,Dublin 4,Republic of Ireland.3School of Food & Nutritional Sciences,University College Cork,Cork,Republic of Ireland.3School of Food & Nutritional Sciences,University College Cork,Cork,Republic of Ireland.1Food for Health Ireland,University College Dublin,Dublin 4,Republic of Ireland.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26675882

Citation

Feeney, Emma L., et al. "An Overview of the Contribution of Dairy and Cheese Intakes to Nutrient Intakes in the Irish Diet: Results From the National Adult Nutrition Survey." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 115, no. 4, 2016, pp. 709-17.
Feeney EL, Nugent AP, Mc Nulty B, et al. An overview of the contribution of dairy and cheese intakes to nutrient intakes in the Irish diet: results from the National Adult Nutrition Survey. Br J Nutr. 2016;115(4):709-17.
Feeney, E. L., Nugent, A. P., Mc Nulty, B., Walton, J., Flynn, A., & Gibney, E. R. (2016). An overview of the contribution of dairy and cheese intakes to nutrient intakes in the Irish diet: results from the National Adult Nutrition Survey. The British Journal of Nutrition, 115(4), pp. 709-17. doi:10.1017/S000711451500495X.
Feeney EL, et al. An Overview of the Contribution of Dairy and Cheese Intakes to Nutrient Intakes in the Irish Diet: Results From the National Adult Nutrition Survey. Br J Nutr. 2016 Feb 28;115(4):709-17. PubMed PMID: 26675882.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - An overview of the contribution of dairy and cheese intakes to nutrient intakes in the Irish diet: results from the National Adult Nutrition Survey. AU - Feeney,Emma L, AU - Nugent,Anne P, AU - Mc Nulty,Breige, AU - Walton,Janette, AU - Flynn,Albert, AU - Gibney,Eileen R, Y1 - 2015/12/17/ PY - 2015/12/18/entrez PY - 2015/12/18/pubmed PY - 2016/6/9/medline KW - Cheese KW - Contribution to nutrients KW - Dairy intakes KW - EI energy intake KW - National Adult Nutrition Survey KW - SFA KW - Sodium SP - 709 EP - 17 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br. J. Nutr. VL - 115 IS - 4 N2 - Dairy products are important contributors to nutrient intakes. However, dairy intakes are reportedly declining in developed populations, potentially due to concerns regarding Na and SFA in dairy foods, particularly cheese. This could impact other nutrient intakes. The present study used data from the National Adult Nutrition Survey (NANS) to (1) examine dairy intakes, with a specific focus on cheese, and (2) to examine the contribution of cheese to population nutrient intakes. The NANS captured detailed dietary intake data from a nationally representative sample (n 1500) between 2008 and 2010 using 4-d semi-weighed food diaries; 99·9% of the population reported dairy intake. Mean daily population dairy intake was 290·0 (SD 202·1) g. Dairy products provided 8·7% of the population intake of reported dietary Na, 19·8% SFA, 39% Ca, 34·5% vitamin B12 and 10·5% Mg. Cheese alone provided 3·9% Na intake, 9·1% Ca, 12·6% retinol, 8·3% SFA, 3·7% protein, 3·4% vitamin B12 and 3·2% riboflavin. High dairy consumers had greater Ca and Mg intakes per 10 MJ, greater total energy intake, greater percentage of energy from carbohydrate and SFA and lower Na intakes compared with low dairy consumers. Similar trends were observed for high consumers of cheese for most nutrients except Na. These results demonstrate that dairy and cheese are important contributors to nutrient intakes of public health interest, such as Ca and B12. Our analysis also demonstrated that food-based dietary guidelines recommending lower-fat versions of dairy products are warranted. SN - 1475-2662 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26675882/An_overview_of_the_contribution_of_dairy_and_cheese_intakes_to_nutrient_intakes_in_the_Irish_diet:_results_from_the_National_Adult_Nutrition_Survey_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S000711451500495X/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -