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In Search of Teen Dating Violence Typologies.
J Adolesc Health. 2016 Feb; 58(2):202-7.JA

Abstract

PURPOSE

The goal of the present research was to identify distinct latent classes of adolescents that commit teen dating violence (TDV) and assess differences on demographic, behavioral, and attitudinal correlates.

METHODS

Boys and girls (N = 1,149; Mage = 14.3; Grades 6-12) with a history of violence exposure completed surveys assessing six indices of TDV in the preceding 3 months. Indices of TDV included controlling behaviors, psychological TDV, physical TDV, sexual TDV, fear/intimidation, and injury. In addition, adolescents provided demographic and dating history information and completed surveys assessing attitudes condoning violence, relationship skills and knowledge, and reactive/proactive aggression.

RESULTS

Latent class analysis indicated a three-class solution wherein the largest class of students was nonviolent on all indices ("nonaggressors") and the smallest class of students demonstrated high probability of nearly all indices of TDV ("multiform aggressors"). In addition, a third class of "emotional aggressors" existed for which there was a high probability of controlling and psychological TDV but low likelihood of any other form of TDV. Multiform aggressors were differentiated from emotional and nonaggressors on the use of self-defense in dating relationships, attitudes condoning violence, and proactive aggression. Emotional aggressors were distinguished from nonaggressors on nearly all measured covariates.

CONCLUSIONS

Evidence indicates that different subgroups of adolescents engaging in TDV exist. In particular, a small group of youth engaging in multiple forms of TDV can be distinguished from a larger group of youth that commit acts of TDV restricted to emotional aggression (i.e., controlling and psychological) and most youth that do not engage in TDV.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Violence Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia. Electronic address: dreidy@cdc.gov.SafePlace, Austin, Texas.National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.Division of Violence Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.Division of Violence Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.Division of Violence Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.Division of Violence Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.SafePlace, Austin, Texas.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26683984

Citation

Reidy, Dennis E., et al. "In Search of Teen Dating Violence Typologies." The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, vol. 58, no. 2, 2016, pp. 202-7.
Reidy DE, Ball B, Houry D, et al. In Search of Teen Dating Violence Typologies. J Adolesc Health. 2016;58(2):202-7.
Reidy, D. E., Ball, B., Houry, D., Holland, K. M., Valle, L. A., Kearns, M. C., Marshall, K. J., & Rosenbluth, B. (2016). In Search of Teen Dating Violence Typologies. The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 58(2), 202-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2015.09.028
Reidy DE, et al. In Search of Teen Dating Violence Typologies. J Adolesc Health. 2016;58(2):202-7. PubMed PMID: 26683984.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - In Search of Teen Dating Violence Typologies. AU - Reidy,Dennis E, AU - Ball,Barbara, AU - Houry,Debra, AU - Holland,Kristin M, AU - Valle,Linda A, AU - Kearns,Megan C, AU - Marshall,Khiya J, AU - Rosenbluth,Barri, Y1 - 2015/12/09/ PY - 2015/04/28/received PY - 2015/09/02/revised PY - 2015/09/25/accepted PY - 2015/12/20/entrez PY - 2015/12/20/pubmed PY - 2016/10/25/medline KW - Intimate partner violence KW - Latent class analysis KW - Teen dating violence KW - Typology SP - 202 EP - 7 JF - The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine JO - J Adolesc Health VL - 58 IS - 2 N2 - PURPOSE: The goal of the present research was to identify distinct latent classes of adolescents that commit teen dating violence (TDV) and assess differences on demographic, behavioral, and attitudinal correlates. METHODS: Boys and girls (N = 1,149; Mage = 14.3; Grades 6-12) with a history of violence exposure completed surveys assessing six indices of TDV in the preceding 3 months. Indices of TDV included controlling behaviors, psychological TDV, physical TDV, sexual TDV, fear/intimidation, and injury. In addition, adolescents provided demographic and dating history information and completed surveys assessing attitudes condoning violence, relationship skills and knowledge, and reactive/proactive aggression. RESULTS: Latent class analysis indicated a three-class solution wherein the largest class of students was nonviolent on all indices ("nonaggressors") and the smallest class of students demonstrated high probability of nearly all indices of TDV ("multiform aggressors"). In addition, a third class of "emotional aggressors" existed for which there was a high probability of controlling and psychological TDV but low likelihood of any other form of TDV. Multiform aggressors were differentiated from emotional and nonaggressors on the use of self-defense in dating relationships, attitudes condoning violence, and proactive aggression. Emotional aggressors were distinguished from nonaggressors on nearly all measured covariates. CONCLUSIONS: Evidence indicates that different subgroups of adolescents engaging in TDV exist. In particular, a small group of youth engaging in multiple forms of TDV can be distinguished from a larger group of youth that commit acts of TDV restricted to emotional aggression (i.e., controlling and psychological) and most youth that do not engage in TDV. SN - 1879-1972 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26683984/In_Search_of_Teen_Dating_Violence_Typologies_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1054-139X(15)00388-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -