[Establishment and evaluation of the SD rat allergic rhinitis model].Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2015; 29(15):1372-4LC
To investigate method established and system evaluated in the model of SD rat with AR.
To establish AR model of SD rats by ovalbumin (OVA), 20 cases of SD rats were randomly divided into two groups, namely control group (10 cases) and AR group (10 cases). AR models were sensitized and challenged by OVA. Control group were used with normal saline instead of OVA. The score of pathology and praxiology were observed when the SD rats in AR group appeared typical symptom of allergic rhinitis, and levels of IL-4, IFN-γ, IgE in the serum were examined by ELISA. According to the behavioral score, nasal histology and content of IL-4, IFN-γ, IgE of serum, Rat allergic rhinitis model were judged successfully established or not.
Behavioral scores were significantly increased in OVA-challenged rats compared with the control group, P<0.05. Nasal epithelial goblet cells, eosinophils and lymphocytes in nasal mucosa in the AR rats exhibited obvious increase relative to the control group. IL-4, IgE levels in the AR rat exhibited obvious increase relative to control group while INF-γ levels exhibited obvious reduction (P<0.05).
The allergic rhinitis models in SD rat by OVA were successfully established. The levels of IgE, INF-γ and IL-4 in Serum can be used as objective evaluation of animal models of allergic rhinitis established successfully or not.