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Correlates of household food insecurity and low dietary diversity in rural Cambodia.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2015; 24(4):720-30.AP

Abstract

The objective of this study was to identify correlates of household food insecurity and poor dietary diversity in rural Cambodia. Trained interviewers administered a survey to 900 households in four rural districts of Prey Veng Province, Cambodia. The Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) and Household Dietary Diversity Score (HDDS) were used to assess household food insecurity and dietary diversity. Multivariate logistic regression models were constructed to identify independent correlates of household food insecurity and poor dietary diversity (HDDS<or=3). The mean±SD HFIAS and HDDS scores were 5.3±3.9 and 4.7±1.6, respectively. The respective prevalence of mild, moderate, and severe food insecurity were 33%, 37%, and 12%; and 23% of households had an HDDS<or=3. In multivariate analyses, several indicators of socioeconomic status, and ownership of agricultural land were associated with household food security status, although the latter association lost its significance in models that adjusted for household income. Similarly, although ownership of agricultural and homestead land was initially associated with poorer dietary diversity, income mitigated these associations. The presence of electricity and vegetable production were the only other variables that were significantly associated with both outcomes. In this rural area of Cambodia, the prevalence of any degree of household food insecurity was very high and dietary diversity was generally low. Interventions to improve food security and dietary diversity should encompass income-generating activities and be targeted toward the poorest households.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Famine Early Warning Systems Network, 1747 Pennsylvania Ave NW, Washington DC, USA.Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia, Vancouver BC, Canada.Helen Keller International, Asia Pacific Regional Office, Phnom Penh, Kingdom of Cambodia.Helen Keller International, Asia Pacific Regional Office, Phnom Penh, Kingdom of Cambodia.Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver BC, Canada.Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia, Vancouver BC, Canada. Email: tim.green@ubc.ca.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26693758

Citation

McDonald, Christine M., et al. "Correlates of Household Food Insecurity and Low Dietary Diversity in Rural Cambodia." Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 24, no. 4, 2015, pp. 720-30.
McDonald CM, McLean J, Kroeun H, et al. Correlates of household food insecurity and low dietary diversity in rural Cambodia. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2015;24(4):720-30.
McDonald, C. M., McLean, J., Kroeun, H., Talukder, A., Lynd, L. D., & Green, T. J. (2015). Correlates of household food insecurity and low dietary diversity in rural Cambodia. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 24(4), 720-30. https://doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.2015.24.4.14
McDonald CM, et al. Correlates of Household Food Insecurity and Low Dietary Diversity in Rural Cambodia. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2015;24(4):720-30. PubMed PMID: 26693758.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Correlates of household food insecurity and low dietary diversity in rural Cambodia. AU - McDonald,Christine M, AU - McLean,Judy, AU - Kroeun,Hou, AU - Talukder,Aminuzzaman, AU - Lynd,Larry D, AU - Green,Timothy J, PY - 2015/12/24/entrez PY - 2015/12/24/pubmed PY - 2016/4/6/medline SP - 720 EP - 30 JF - Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition JO - Asia Pac J Clin Nutr VL - 24 IS - 4 N2 - The objective of this study was to identify correlates of household food insecurity and poor dietary diversity in rural Cambodia. Trained interviewers administered a survey to 900 households in four rural districts of Prey Veng Province, Cambodia. The Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) and Household Dietary Diversity Score (HDDS) were used to assess household food insecurity and dietary diversity. Multivariate logistic regression models were constructed to identify independent correlates of household food insecurity and poor dietary diversity (HDDS<or=3). The mean±SD HFIAS and HDDS scores were 5.3±3.9 and 4.7±1.6, respectively. The respective prevalence of mild, moderate, and severe food insecurity were 33%, 37%, and 12%; and 23% of households had an HDDS<or=3. In multivariate analyses, several indicators of socioeconomic status, and ownership of agricultural land were associated with household food security status, although the latter association lost its significance in models that adjusted for household income. Similarly, although ownership of agricultural and homestead land was initially associated with poorer dietary diversity, income mitigated these associations. The presence of electricity and vegetable production were the only other variables that were significantly associated with both outcomes. In this rural area of Cambodia, the prevalence of any degree of household food insecurity was very high and dietary diversity was generally low. Interventions to improve food security and dietary diversity should encompass income-generating activities and be targeted toward the poorest households. SN - 0964-7058 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26693758/Correlates_of_household_food_insecurity_and_low_dietary_diversity_in_rural_Cambodia_ L2 - http://apjcn.nhri.org.tw/server/APJCN/24/4/720.pdf DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -