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The Effect of High-Intensity Interval Cycling Sprints Subsequent to Arm-Curl Exercise on Upper-Body Muscle Strength and Hypertrophy.
J Strength Cond Res. 2016 Aug; 30(8):2318-23.JS

Abstract

Kikuchi, N, Yoshida, S, Okuyama, M, and Nakazato, K. The effect of high-intensity interval cycling sprints subsequent to arm-curl exercise on upper-body muscle strength and hypertrophy. J Strength Cond Res 30(8): 2318-2323, 2016-The purpose of this study was to examine whether lower limb sprint interval training (SIT) after arm resistance training (RT) influences training response of arm muscle strength and hypertrophy. Twenty men participated in this study. We divided subjects into RT group (n = 6) and concurrent training group (CT, n = 6). The RT program was designed to induce muscular hypertrophy (3 sets × 10 repetitions [reps] at 80% 1 repetition maximum [1RM] of arm-curl exercise) and was performed in an 8-week training schedule performed 3 times per week on nonconsecutive days. Subjects assigned to the CT group performed identical protocols as strength training and modified SIT (4 sets of 30-s maximal effort, separated in 4 m 30-s rest intervals) on the same day. Pretest and posttest maximal oxygen consumption (V[Combining Dot Above]O2max), muscle cross-sectional area (CSA), and 1RM were measured. Significant increase in V[Combining Dot Above]O2max from pretest to posttest was observed in the CT group (p = 0.010, effect size [ES] = 1.84) but not in the RT group (p = 0.559, ES = 0.35). Significant increase in CSA from pretest to posttest was observed in the RT group (p = 0.030, ES = 1.49) but not in the CT group (p = 0.110, ES = 1.01). Significant increase in 1RM from pretest to posttest was observed in the RT group (p = 0.021, ES = 1.57) but not in the CT group (p = 0.065, ES = 1.19). In conclusion, our data indicate that concurrent lower limb SIT interferes with arm muscle hypertrophy and strength.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1Sports Training Center, Nippon Sport Science University, Tokyo, Japan; 2Department of Exercise Physiology, Nippon Sport Science University, Tokyo, Japan; and 3Graduate School of Health and Sport Science, Nippon Sport Science University, Tokyo, Japan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26694501

Citation

Kikuchi, Naoki, et al. "The Effect of High-Intensity Interval Cycling Sprints Subsequent to Arm-Curl Exercise On Upper-Body Muscle Strength and Hypertrophy." Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 30, no. 8, 2016, pp. 2318-23.
Kikuchi N, Yoshida S, Okuyama M, et al. The Effect of High-Intensity Interval Cycling Sprints Subsequent to Arm-Curl Exercise on Upper-Body Muscle Strength and Hypertrophy. J Strength Cond Res. 2016;30(8):2318-23.
Kikuchi, N., Yoshida, S., Okuyama, M., & Nakazato, K. (2016). The Effect of High-Intensity Interval Cycling Sprints Subsequent to Arm-Curl Exercise on Upper-Body Muscle Strength and Hypertrophy. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30(8), 2318-23. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001315
Kikuchi N, et al. The Effect of High-Intensity Interval Cycling Sprints Subsequent to Arm-Curl Exercise On Upper-Body Muscle Strength and Hypertrophy. J Strength Cond Res. 2016;30(8):2318-23. PubMed PMID: 26694501.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Effect of High-Intensity Interval Cycling Sprints Subsequent to Arm-Curl Exercise on Upper-Body Muscle Strength and Hypertrophy. AU - Kikuchi,Naoki, AU - Yoshida,Shou, AU - Okuyama,Mizuki, AU - Nakazato,Koichi, PY - 2015/12/24/entrez PY - 2015/12/24/pubmed PY - 2016/12/15/medline SP - 2318 EP - 23 JF - Journal of strength and conditioning research JO - J Strength Cond Res VL - 30 IS - 8 N2 - Kikuchi, N, Yoshida, S, Okuyama, M, and Nakazato, K. The effect of high-intensity interval cycling sprints subsequent to arm-curl exercise on upper-body muscle strength and hypertrophy. J Strength Cond Res 30(8): 2318-2323, 2016-The purpose of this study was to examine whether lower limb sprint interval training (SIT) after arm resistance training (RT) influences training response of arm muscle strength and hypertrophy. Twenty men participated in this study. We divided subjects into RT group (n = 6) and concurrent training group (CT, n = 6). The RT program was designed to induce muscular hypertrophy (3 sets × 10 repetitions [reps] at 80% 1 repetition maximum [1RM] of arm-curl exercise) and was performed in an 8-week training schedule performed 3 times per week on nonconsecutive days. Subjects assigned to the CT group performed identical protocols as strength training and modified SIT (4 sets of 30-s maximal effort, separated in 4 m 30-s rest intervals) on the same day. Pretest and posttest maximal oxygen consumption (V[Combining Dot Above]O2max), muscle cross-sectional area (CSA), and 1RM were measured. Significant increase in V[Combining Dot Above]O2max from pretest to posttest was observed in the CT group (p = 0.010, effect size [ES] = 1.84) but not in the RT group (p = 0.559, ES = 0.35). Significant increase in CSA from pretest to posttest was observed in the RT group (p = 0.030, ES = 1.49) but not in the CT group (p = 0.110, ES = 1.01). Significant increase in 1RM from pretest to posttest was observed in the RT group (p = 0.021, ES = 1.57) but not in the CT group (p = 0.065, ES = 1.19). In conclusion, our data indicate that concurrent lower limb SIT interferes with arm muscle hypertrophy and strength. SN - 1533-4287 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26694501/The_Effect_of_High_Intensity_Interval_Cycling_Sprints_Subsequent_to_Arm_Curl_Exercise_on_Upper_Body_Muscle_Strength_and_Hypertrophy_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001315 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -