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Epidemiology and etiological diagnosis of infective keratitis in eastern region of Nepal.
Nepal J Ophthalmol 2015 Jan-Jun; 7(1):10-5NJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This study aimed to determine the epidemiological characteristics and risk factors predisposing to corneal ulceration in patients presenting to Biratnagar Eye Hospital (Nepal).

METHODS

All patients presenting to Biratnagar Eye Hospital between January 1 and December 31, 2011 with corneal ulceration were retrospectively reviewed. Sociodemographic data and information pertaining to risk factors were recorded, all patients were examined and corneal scrapping and cultures were carried out.

RESULTS

Over one year period 1644 patients with corneal ulcer were evaluated, out of which 76.6% of patients were in the age range of 30 to 69 years and 65% of patients had presenting visual acuity less than 3/60. Ocular trauma was the most common cause of keratitis accounting for 60.3% of corneal ulcer and majority of the patients (40%) presented after 2 weeks of symptoms. Among corneal scraping positive cases 1150 (70%) showed fungus, 73 (4.4%) showed bacteria and 20 (1.2%) showed both bacterial and fungus.

CONCLUSION

Corneal ulcer continues to be one of the leading causes of preventable blindness in this region. Lack of awareness about gravity of this disease, financial constraints and geographic barriers remain the major reasons for delay in seeking proper medical help.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Biratnagar Eye Hospiatal, Atithi Marg 17, Biratnagar, Nepal.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26695600

Citation

Sitoula, R P., et al. "Epidemiology and Etiological Diagnosis of Infective Keratitis in Eastern Region of Nepal." Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology : a Biannual Peer-reviewed Academic Journal of the Nepal Ophthalmic Society : NEPJOPH, vol. 7, no. 1, 2015, pp. 10-5.
Sitoula RP, Singh SK, Mahaseth V, et al. Epidemiology and etiological diagnosis of infective keratitis in eastern region of Nepal. Nepal J Ophthalmol. 2015;7(1):10-5.
Sitoula, R. P., Singh, S. K., Mahaseth, V., Sharma, A., & Labh, R. K. (2015). Epidemiology and etiological diagnosis of infective keratitis in eastern region of Nepal. Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology : a Biannual Peer-reviewed Academic Journal of the Nepal Ophthalmic Society : NEPJOPH, 7(1), pp. 10-5. doi:10.3126/nepjoph.v7i1.131246.
Sitoula RP, et al. Epidemiology and Etiological Diagnosis of Infective Keratitis in Eastern Region of Nepal. Nepal J Ophthalmol. 2015;7(1):10-5. PubMed PMID: 26695600.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Epidemiology and etiological diagnosis of infective keratitis in eastern region of Nepal. AU - Sitoula,R P, AU - Singh,S K, AU - Mahaseth,V, AU - Sharma,A, AU - Labh,R K, PY - 2015/12/24/entrez PY - 2015/12/24/pubmed PY - 2016/9/14/medline SP - 10 EP - 5 JF - Nepalese journal of ophthalmology : a biannual peer-reviewed academic journal of the Nepal Ophthalmic Society : NEPJOPH JO - Nepal J Ophthalmol VL - 7 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the epidemiological characteristics and risk factors predisposing to corneal ulceration in patients presenting to Biratnagar Eye Hospital (Nepal). METHODS: All patients presenting to Biratnagar Eye Hospital between January 1 and December 31, 2011 with corneal ulceration were retrospectively reviewed. Sociodemographic data and information pertaining to risk factors were recorded, all patients were examined and corneal scrapping and cultures were carried out. RESULTS: Over one year period 1644 patients with corneal ulcer were evaluated, out of which 76.6% of patients were in the age range of 30 to 69 years and 65% of patients had presenting visual acuity less than 3/60. Ocular trauma was the most common cause of keratitis accounting for 60.3% of corneal ulcer and majority of the patients (40%) presented after 2 weeks of symptoms. Among corneal scraping positive cases 1150 (70%) showed fungus, 73 (4.4%) showed bacteria and 20 (1.2%) showed both bacterial and fungus. CONCLUSION: Corneal ulcer continues to be one of the leading causes of preventable blindness in this region. Lack of awareness about gravity of this disease, financial constraints and geographic barriers remain the major reasons for delay in seeking proper medical help. SN - 2072-6805 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26695600/Epidemiology_and_etiological_diagnosis_of_infective_keratitis_in_eastern_region_of_Nepal DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -