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Weight perceptions, disordered eating behaviors, and emotional self-efficacy among high school adolescents.

Abstract

Although emotional disorders and disordered eating behaviors are known to be related, the relationship between emotional self-efficacy (ESE) and disordered eating is unknown. This study examined the relationship between ESE and disordered eating in a statewide sample of public high school adolescents (n=2566). The Centers for Disease Control Youth Risk Behavior Survey and an adolescent ESE scale were utilized. Logistic regression adjusted for key covariates explored the relationship between low ESE and disordered eating among selected race and gender groups. Self-perceived weight as underweight or overweight; and dieting, vomiting or taking laxatives, taking diet pills, and fasting to lose weight were each associated (p<.05) with lower levels of ESE for certain race/gender groups. Findings provide increased justification for tailoring disordered eating interventions and treatments to accommodate the highest risk groups. Measures of ESE should be considered for adolescent mental health assessments in fieldwork, research, and evaluation efforts.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Public Health, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506-9190, United States. Electronic address: kzullig@hsc.wvu.edu.

    ,

    Texas Obesity Research Center, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77004, United States.

    Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, United States.

    Source

    Eating behaviors 21: 2016 04 pg 1-6

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adolescent Behavior
    Body Weight
    Child
    Continental Population Groups
    Emotions
    Feeding Behavior
    Feeding and Eating Disorders
    Female
    Humans
    Male
    Overweight
    Risk-Taking
    Schools
    Self Efficacy
    Sex Factors
    Students
    Surveys and Questionnaires
    Weight Perception

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    26697720

    Citation

    Zullig, Keith J., et al. "Weight Perceptions, Disordered Eating Behaviors, and Emotional Self-efficacy Among High School Adolescents." Eating Behaviors, vol. 21, 2016, pp. 1-6.
    Zullig KJ, Matthews-Ewald MR, Valois RF. Weight perceptions, disordered eating behaviors, and emotional self-efficacy among high school adolescents. Eat Behav. 2016;21:1-6.
    Zullig, K. J., Matthews-Ewald, M. R., & Valois, R. F. (2016). Weight perceptions, disordered eating behaviors, and emotional self-efficacy among high school adolescents. Eating Behaviors, 21, pp. 1-6. doi:10.1016/j.eatbeh.2015.11.007.
    Zullig KJ, Matthews-Ewald MR, Valois RF. Weight Perceptions, Disordered Eating Behaviors, and Emotional Self-efficacy Among High School Adolescents. Eat Behav. 2016;21:1-6. PubMed PMID: 26697720.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Weight perceptions, disordered eating behaviors, and emotional self-efficacy among high school adolescents. AU - Zullig,Keith J, AU - Matthews-Ewald,Molly R, AU - Valois,Robert F, Y1 - 2015/11/17/ PY - 2015/04/23/received PY - 2015/08/27/revised PY - 2015/11/11/accepted PY - 2015/12/25/entrez PY - 2015/12/25/pubmed PY - 2017/2/7/medline KW - Adolescents KW - Eating disorders KW - Emotional aspects KW - Gender differences KW - Self-efficacy SP - 1 EP - 6 JF - Eating behaviors JO - Eat Behav VL - 21 N2 - Although emotional disorders and disordered eating behaviors are known to be related, the relationship between emotional self-efficacy (ESE) and disordered eating is unknown. This study examined the relationship between ESE and disordered eating in a statewide sample of public high school adolescents (n=2566). The Centers for Disease Control Youth Risk Behavior Survey and an adolescent ESE scale were utilized. Logistic regression adjusted for key covariates explored the relationship between low ESE and disordered eating among selected race and gender groups. Self-perceived weight as underweight or overweight; and dieting, vomiting or taking laxatives, taking diet pills, and fasting to lose weight were each associated (p<.05) with lower levels of ESE for certain race/gender groups. Findings provide increased justification for tailoring disordered eating interventions and treatments to accommodate the highest risk groups. Measures of ESE should be considered for adolescent mental health assessments in fieldwork, research, and evaluation efforts. SN - 1873-7358 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26697720/full_citation L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1471-0153(15)30020-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -