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The effects of garlic-supplemented diets on skin mucosal immune responses, stress resistance and growth performance of the Caspian roach (Rutilus rutilus) fry.
Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2016 Feb; 49:79-83.FS

Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of garlic supplementation on some skin mucus immune parameters, mucus antimicrobial activity and growth performance of the Caspian roach (Rutilus rutilus caspicus) fry. Fish (1 ± 0.07 g) were divided into four groups fed diets containing 0 (control), 5, 10 and 15 g kg(-1) garlic for 8 weeks. The results showed that there was a significant increase in weight gain and specific growth rate in those fish fed garlic diets compared with the control (P < 0.05). Condition factor was not significantly affected by garlic dosage. At the end of trial, the epidermal mucus protein level, alkaline phosphatase and antimicrobial activity against 2 g-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Serratia marcescens) and gram-positive bacteria (Streptococcus faecium and Micrococcus luteus) were measured. Skin mucus alkaline phosphatase, protein levels and antimicrobial activity were increased following garlic administration, and the bacterial growth inhibition zones were significantly elevated in garlic-fed fish (P < 0.05). In salinity stress experiment, no differences were observed for survival rate among the experimental diets. No mortality was recorded during the feeding trial. These results indicated that dietary garlic beneficially affects the skin mucus immune parameters and growth performance of the Caspian roach fry.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Fisheries Sciences, Department of Fisheries and Environment, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Iran. Electronic address: mahbubeh.salmanian@yahoo.com.Fisheries Sciences, Department of Fisheries and Environment, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Iran.Fisheries Sciences, Department of Fisheries and Environment, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Iran.Fisheries Sciences, Department of Fisheries and Environment, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Iran.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26700174

Citation

Ghehdarijani, Mahbubeh Salmanian, et al. "The Effects of Garlic-supplemented Diets On Skin Mucosal Immune Responses, Stress Resistance and Growth Performance of the Caspian Roach (Rutilus Rutilus) Fry." Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 49, 2016, pp. 79-83.
Ghehdarijani MS, Hajimoradloo A, Ghorbani R, et al. The effects of garlic-supplemented diets on skin mucosal immune responses, stress resistance and growth performance of the Caspian roach (Rutilus rutilus) fry. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2016;49:79-83.
Ghehdarijani, M. S., Hajimoradloo, A., Ghorbani, R., & Roohi, Z. (2016). The effects of garlic-supplemented diets on skin mucosal immune responses, stress resistance and growth performance of the Caspian roach (Rutilus rutilus) fry. Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 49, 79-83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2015.12.021
Ghehdarijani MS, et al. The Effects of Garlic-supplemented Diets On Skin Mucosal Immune Responses, Stress Resistance and Growth Performance of the Caspian Roach (Rutilus Rutilus) Fry. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2016;49:79-83. PubMed PMID: 26700174.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The effects of garlic-supplemented diets on skin mucosal immune responses, stress resistance and growth performance of the Caspian roach (Rutilus rutilus) fry. AU - Ghehdarijani,Mahbubeh Salmanian, AU - Hajimoradloo,Abdolmajid, AU - Ghorbani,Rasol, AU - Roohi,Zahra, Y1 - 2015/12/15/ PY - 2015/09/29/received PY - 2015/12/09/revised PY - 2015/12/12/accepted PY - 2015/12/25/entrez PY - 2015/12/25/pubmed PY - 2016/11/3/medline KW - Garlic KW - Growth KW - Immune response KW - Rutilus rutilus KW - Skin mucus SP - 79 EP - 83 JF - Fish & shellfish immunology JO - Fish Shellfish Immunol VL - 49 N2 - This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of garlic supplementation on some skin mucus immune parameters, mucus antimicrobial activity and growth performance of the Caspian roach (Rutilus rutilus caspicus) fry. Fish (1 ± 0.07 g) were divided into four groups fed diets containing 0 (control), 5, 10 and 15 g kg(-1) garlic for 8 weeks. The results showed that there was a significant increase in weight gain and specific growth rate in those fish fed garlic diets compared with the control (P < 0.05). Condition factor was not significantly affected by garlic dosage. At the end of trial, the epidermal mucus protein level, alkaline phosphatase and antimicrobial activity against 2 g-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Serratia marcescens) and gram-positive bacteria (Streptococcus faecium and Micrococcus luteus) were measured. Skin mucus alkaline phosphatase, protein levels and antimicrobial activity were increased following garlic administration, and the bacterial growth inhibition zones were significantly elevated in garlic-fed fish (P < 0.05). In salinity stress experiment, no differences were observed for survival rate among the experimental diets. No mortality was recorded during the feeding trial. These results indicated that dietary garlic beneficially affects the skin mucus immune parameters and growth performance of the Caspian roach fry. SN - 1095-9947 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26700174/The_effects_of_garlic_supplemented_diets_on_skin_mucosal_immune_responses_stress_resistance_and_growth_performance_of_the_Caspian_roach__Rutilus_rutilus__fry_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1050-4648(15)30280-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -