Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Injury deaths in the adolescent population of Finland: a 43-year secular trend analysis between 1971 and 2013.
Inj Prev. 2016 08; 22(4):239-46.IP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Injuries are a major public health problem worldwide, being the leading cause of death in children and adolescents in developed countries. However, knowledge on recent secular trends in injury deaths of adolescents is sparse.

METHODS

Using Official Cause-of-Death Statistics of Finland, we examined the nationwide trends in the age- and sex-specific incidence rates of fatal injuries among 10-14-year-old and 15-19-year-old adolescents in Finland between 1971 and 2013.

RESULTS

The incidence rate of fatal injuries decreased considerably in both age groups during the 43-year follow-up period. The decline in injury deaths was mainly due to decreased deaths in traffic accidents. The number of drownings reached the ultimate goal-that is, there were no drownings in Finnish 10-19-year-old adolescents in 2013. The rates of intentional injury deaths remained stable in girls, while in 15-19-year-old boys a decreasing trend was evident. During the deep economic depression in 1990, the incidence of suicide in 15-19-year-old boys was as high as 40.1. At that time, boys' suicide risk was 7.4 times higher than that of girls. Since then, boys' risk for suicide has clearly decreased and was 1.6 times higher than the corresponding risk in girls in 2013.

CONCLUSIONS

The incidence rate of fatal injuries decreased considerably in Finnish adolescents during the period 1971-2013. The clearest change occurred in road traffic injuries and drownings. The rates of intentional injury deaths remained unaltered in girls while 15-19-year-old boys showed a decreasing trend.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Tampere Research Centre of Sports Medicine, UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, Tampere, Finland Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, Medical School, University of Tampere, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland.Injury & Osteoporosis Research Center, UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, Tampere, Finland.Injury & Osteoporosis Research Center, UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, Tampere, Finland.Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, Medical School, University of Tampere, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland.Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, Medical School, University of Tampere, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland Injury & Osteoporosis Research Center, UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, Tampere, Finland.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26701984

Citation

Parkkari, Jari, et al. "Injury Deaths in the Adolescent Population of Finland: a 43-year Secular Trend Analysis Between 1971 and 2013." Injury Prevention : Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention, vol. 22, no. 4, 2016, pp. 239-46.
Parkkari J, Sievänen H, Niemi S, et al. Injury deaths in the adolescent population of Finland: a 43-year secular trend analysis between 1971 and 2013. Inj Prev. 2016;22(4):239-46.
Parkkari, J., Sievänen, H., Niemi, S., Mattila, V. M., & Kannus, P. (2016). Injury deaths in the adolescent population of Finland: a 43-year secular trend analysis between 1971 and 2013. Injury Prevention : Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention, 22(4), 239-46. https://doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2015-041798
Parkkari J, et al. Injury Deaths in the Adolescent Population of Finland: a 43-year Secular Trend Analysis Between 1971 and 2013. Inj Prev. 2016;22(4):239-46. PubMed PMID: 26701984.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Injury deaths in the adolescent population of Finland: a 43-year secular trend analysis between 1971 and 2013. AU - Parkkari,Jari, AU - Sievänen,Harri, AU - Niemi,Seppo, AU - Mattila,Ville M, AU - Kannus,Pekka, Y1 - 2015/12/23/ PY - 2015/08/13/received PY - 2015/11/27/accepted PY - 2015/12/25/entrez PY - 2015/12/25/pubmed PY - 2018/2/1/medline SP - 239 EP - 46 JF - Injury prevention : journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention JO - Inj Prev VL - 22 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: Injuries are a major public health problem worldwide, being the leading cause of death in children and adolescents in developed countries. However, knowledge on recent secular trends in injury deaths of adolescents is sparse. METHODS: Using Official Cause-of-Death Statistics of Finland, we examined the nationwide trends in the age- and sex-specific incidence rates of fatal injuries among 10-14-year-old and 15-19-year-old adolescents in Finland between 1971 and 2013. RESULTS: The incidence rate of fatal injuries decreased considerably in both age groups during the 43-year follow-up period. The decline in injury deaths was mainly due to decreased deaths in traffic accidents. The number of drownings reached the ultimate goal-that is, there were no drownings in Finnish 10-19-year-old adolescents in 2013. The rates of intentional injury deaths remained stable in girls, while in 15-19-year-old boys a decreasing trend was evident. During the deep economic depression in 1990, the incidence of suicide in 15-19-year-old boys was as high as 40.1. At that time, boys' suicide risk was 7.4 times higher than that of girls. Since then, boys' risk for suicide has clearly decreased and was 1.6 times higher than the corresponding risk in girls in 2013. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence rate of fatal injuries decreased considerably in Finnish adolescents during the period 1971-2013. The clearest change occurred in road traffic injuries and drownings. The rates of intentional injury deaths remained unaltered in girls while 15-19-year-old boys showed a decreasing trend. SN - 1475-5785 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26701984/Injury_deaths_in_the_adolescent_population_of_Finland:_a_43_year_secular_trend_analysis_between_1971_and_2013_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -