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Minimally invasive supraomohyoid neck dissection by total endoscopic technique for oral squamous carcinoma.
Surg Endosc. 2016 06; 30(6):2315-20.SE

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE

To study the feasibility of a total endoscopic technique for selective neck dissection in oral cancers and to compare the technique with conventional open technique with a long cervical scar.

METHODS

We included patients with early intraorally resectable squamous carcinomas and excluded patients whose primary lesion required reconstruction with microvascular flaps. We compared the following intraoperative parameters: cumulative length of the incision(s), duration of surgery, estimated blood loss, and intraoperative complications. The postoperative parameters included hospital stay, shoulder function, duration of analgesic use, and early postoperative complications. We used Shoulder Pain And Disability Index scores to assess shoulder function and assessed the oncologic outcome histopathologically by the number of nodes dissected.

RESULTS

The mean operative time for minimally invasive supraomohyoid neck dissection (MISOND) was 53.7 ± 29.8 min, which was significantly longer than 39.4 ± 5.0 min for the open technique. The estimated blood loss in the MISOND group was significantly lower compared with the open technique (p < 0.001), and there were no major intraoperative complications in either group. Postoperative recovery assessed by hospital stay and time to resume routine work was slightly shorter in the MISOND group but not statistically significant. There were no reported early postoperative complications such as haemorrhage, wound dehiscence, or chyle leakage in either group. The mean Shoulder Pain And Disability Index score assessed 2 weeks postoperatively for the MISOND group was 14.35 ± 0.71 %, which was significantly better than 44.14 ± 1.18 % for the open technique (p < 0.001). The number of nodes dissected showed no significant difference between groups.

CONCLUSIONS

MISOND is a feasible and safe procedure with immediate oncologic outcomes comparable with those of conventional open SOND and provides better cosmetic and functional outcomes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Surgical Oncology, Bharat Cancer Hospital and Research Institute, Saroli, Kadodara Road, Surat, 395010, Gujarat, India. rajravi22@gmail.com.Department of Minimal Access Surgery, Bharat Cancer Hospital and Research Institute, Surat, India.Department of Minimal Access Surgery, Bharat Cancer Hospital and Research Institute, Surat, India.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26715016

Citation

Raj, Ravindrasinh, et al. "Minimally Invasive Supraomohyoid Neck Dissection By Total Endoscopic Technique for Oral Squamous Carcinoma." Surgical Endoscopy, vol. 30, no. 6, 2016, pp. 2315-20.
Raj R, Lotwala V, Anajwala P. Minimally invasive supraomohyoid neck dissection by total endoscopic technique for oral squamous carcinoma. Surg Endosc. 2016;30(6):2315-20.
Raj, R., Lotwala, V., & Anajwala, P. (2016). Minimally invasive supraomohyoid neck dissection by total endoscopic technique for oral squamous carcinoma. Surgical Endoscopy, 30(6), 2315-20. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-015-4427-z
Raj R, Lotwala V, Anajwala P. Minimally Invasive Supraomohyoid Neck Dissection By Total Endoscopic Technique for Oral Squamous Carcinoma. Surg Endosc. 2016;30(6):2315-20. PubMed PMID: 26715016.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Minimally invasive supraomohyoid neck dissection by total endoscopic technique for oral squamous carcinoma. AU - Raj,Ravindrasinh, AU - Lotwala,Vikram, AU - Anajwala,Piyush, Y1 - 2015/12/29/ PY - 2015/04/06/received PY - 2015/07/07/accepted PY - 2015/12/31/entrez PY - 2015/12/31/pubmed PY - 2017/8/3/medline KW - Minimally invasive neck dissection KW - Oral squamous carcinoma KW - Supraomohyoid SP - 2315 EP - 20 JF - Surgical endoscopy JO - Surg Endosc VL - 30 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To study the feasibility of a total endoscopic technique for selective neck dissection in oral cancers and to compare the technique with conventional open technique with a long cervical scar. METHODS: We included patients with early intraorally resectable squamous carcinomas and excluded patients whose primary lesion required reconstruction with microvascular flaps. We compared the following intraoperative parameters: cumulative length of the incision(s), duration of surgery, estimated blood loss, and intraoperative complications. The postoperative parameters included hospital stay, shoulder function, duration of analgesic use, and early postoperative complications. We used Shoulder Pain And Disability Index scores to assess shoulder function and assessed the oncologic outcome histopathologically by the number of nodes dissected. RESULTS: The mean operative time for minimally invasive supraomohyoid neck dissection (MISOND) was 53.7 ± 29.8 min, which was significantly longer than 39.4 ± 5.0 min for the open technique. The estimated blood loss in the MISOND group was significantly lower compared with the open technique (p < 0.001), and there were no major intraoperative complications in either group. Postoperative recovery assessed by hospital stay and time to resume routine work was slightly shorter in the MISOND group but not statistically significant. There were no reported early postoperative complications such as haemorrhage, wound dehiscence, or chyle leakage in either group. The mean Shoulder Pain And Disability Index score assessed 2 weeks postoperatively for the MISOND group was 14.35 ± 0.71 %, which was significantly better than 44.14 ± 1.18 % for the open technique (p < 0.001). The number of nodes dissected showed no significant difference between groups. CONCLUSIONS: MISOND is a feasible and safe procedure with immediate oncologic outcomes comparable with those of conventional open SOND and provides better cosmetic and functional outcomes. SN - 1432-2218 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26715016/Minimally_invasive_supraomohyoid_neck_dissection_by_total_endoscopic_technique_for_oral_squamous_carcinoma_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00464-015-4427-z DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -