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Trivariate Modeling of Interparental Conflict and Adolescent Emotional Security: An Examination of Mother-Father-Child Dynamics.
J Youth Adolesc. 2016 11; 45(11):2336-2352.JY

Abstract

Recognizing the significance of interacting family subsystems, the present study addresses how interparental conflict is linked to adolescent emotional security as a function of parental gender. A total of 272 families with a child at 12.60 years of age (133 boys, 139 girls) were invited to participate each year for three consecutive years. A multi-informant method was used, along with trivariate models to test the associations among mothers, fathers, and their adolescent children's behaviors. The findings from separate models of destructive and constructive interparental conflict revealed intricate linkages among family members. In the model of destructive interparental conflict, mothers and fathers predicted each other's conflict behaviors over time. Moreover, adolescents' exposure to negativity expressed by either parent dampened their emotional security. Consistent with child effects models, adolescent emotional insecurity predicted fathers' destructive conflict behaviors. As for the model of constructive interparental conflict, fathers predicted mothers' conflict behaviors over time. Adolescents' exposure to fathers' constructive conflict behaviors also enhanced their sense of emotional security. Consistent with child effects models, adolescent emotional security predicted mothers' and fathers' constructive conflict behaviors. These findings extended the family and the adolescent literature by indicating that family processes are multiidirectional, involving multiple dyads in the study of parents' and adolescents' functioning. Contributions of these findings to the understanding of interparental conflict and emotional security in adolescence are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Special Education and Counselling, The Hong Kong Institute of Education, 10 Lo Ping Road, Tai Po, New Territories, Hong Kong SAR. rymcheung@ied.edu.hk. Centre for Psychosocial Health, The Hong Kong Institute of Education, Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR. rymcheung@ied.edu.hk.Department of Psychology, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, USA.Department of Psychology, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, USA.Department of Psychology, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26721858

Citation

Cheung, Rebecca Y M., et al. "Trivariate Modeling of Interparental Conflict and Adolescent Emotional Security: an Examination of Mother-Father-Child Dynamics." Journal of Youth and Adolescence, vol. 45, no. 11, 2016, pp. 2336-2352.
Cheung RY, Cummings EM, Zhang Z, et al. Trivariate Modeling of Interparental Conflict and Adolescent Emotional Security: An Examination of Mother-Father-Child Dynamics. J Youth Adolesc. 2016;45(11):2336-2352.
Cheung, R. Y., Cummings, E. M., Zhang, Z., & Davies, P. T. (2016). Trivariate Modeling of Interparental Conflict and Adolescent Emotional Security: An Examination of Mother-Father-Child Dynamics. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 45(11), 2336-2352.
Cheung RY, et al. Trivariate Modeling of Interparental Conflict and Adolescent Emotional Security: an Examination of Mother-Father-Child Dynamics. J Youth Adolesc. 2016;45(11):2336-2352. PubMed PMID: 26721858.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Trivariate Modeling of Interparental Conflict and Adolescent Emotional Security: An Examination of Mother-Father-Child Dynamics. AU - Cheung,Rebecca Y M, AU - Cummings,E Mark, AU - Zhang,Zhiyong, AU - Davies,Patrick T, Y1 - 2015/12/31/ PY - 2015/08/31/received PY - 2015/12/17/accepted PY - 2016/1/2/pubmed PY - 2018/1/13/medline PY - 2016/1/2/entrez KW - Emotional insecurity KW - Interparental conflict KW - Parental gender KW - Trivariate modeling SP - 2336 EP - 2352 JF - Journal of youth and adolescence JO - J Youth Adolesc VL - 45 IS - 11 N2 - Recognizing the significance of interacting family subsystems, the present study addresses how interparental conflict is linked to adolescent emotional security as a function of parental gender. A total of 272 families with a child at 12.60 years of age (133 boys, 139 girls) were invited to participate each year for three consecutive years. A multi-informant method was used, along with trivariate models to test the associations among mothers, fathers, and their adolescent children's behaviors. The findings from separate models of destructive and constructive interparental conflict revealed intricate linkages among family members. In the model of destructive interparental conflict, mothers and fathers predicted each other's conflict behaviors over time. Moreover, adolescents' exposure to negativity expressed by either parent dampened their emotional security. Consistent with child effects models, adolescent emotional insecurity predicted fathers' destructive conflict behaviors. As for the model of constructive interparental conflict, fathers predicted mothers' conflict behaviors over time. Adolescents' exposure to fathers' constructive conflict behaviors also enhanced their sense of emotional security. Consistent with child effects models, adolescent emotional security predicted mothers' and fathers' constructive conflict behaviors. These findings extended the family and the adolescent literature by indicating that family processes are multiidirectional, involving multiple dyads in the study of parents' and adolescents' functioning. Contributions of these findings to the understanding of interparental conflict and emotional security in adolescence are discussed. SN - 1573-6601 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26721858/Trivariate_Modeling_of_Interparental_Conflict_and_Adolescent_Emotional_Security:_An_Examination_of_Mother_Father_Child_Dynamics_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-015-0406-x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -