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Travel-related sexually transmitted infections.
Int Marit Health 2015; 66(4):238-46IM

Abstract

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are among the most common notifiable health problems worldwide, with particularly high rates in developing countries. Men and women with multiple sexual partners at home or a previous history of STIs are more likely to have casual sexual exposure (CSE) while travelling. Over the last several decades 5% to even 50% of short-term travellers engaged in CSE during foreign trips. It is estimated that only 50% of travellers use condoms during casual sex abroad. Sexual contact with commercial sex workers is an exceptionally high-risk behaviour. The common risk factor is also young age. Adolescents and young adults constitute 25% of the sexually active population, but represent almost 50% of all new acquired STIs. Many STIs are asymptomatic and therefore can be difficult to identify and control. The clinical manifestation of STIs can be grouped into a number of syndromes, such as genital ulcer or erosion, urethral or vaginal discharge, pelvic inflammatory disease. STIs are divided into curable infections caused by bacteria (gonorrhoea, chlamydiasis, syphilis, chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum, granuloma inguinale) or protozoa (trichomoniasis) and incurable viral infections (genital herpes, genital warts, HIV). STIs are not only a cause of acute morbidity, but may result in complications including male and female infertility, ectopic pregnancy, cervical cancer, premature mortality or miscarriage. Monogamous sex with a stable, uninfected partner or sexual abstinence remains the only way to avoid the risk of becoming infected with STIs.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Head of Department of Epidemiology and Tropical Medicine, Military Institute of Medicine, Warsaw, Poland. kktropmed@wp.pl.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26726895

Citation

Korzeniewski, Krzysztof, and Dariusz Juszczak. "Travel-related Sexually Transmitted Infections." International Maritime Health, vol. 66, no. 4, 2015, pp. 238-46.
Korzeniewski K, Juszczak D. Travel-related sexually transmitted infections. Int Marit Health. 2015;66(4):238-46.
Korzeniewski, K., & Juszczak, D. (2015). Travel-related sexually transmitted infections. International Maritime Health, 66(4), pp. 238-46. doi:10.5603/IMH.2015.0045.
Korzeniewski K, Juszczak D. Travel-related Sexually Transmitted Infections. Int Marit Health. 2015;66(4):238-46. PubMed PMID: 26726895.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Travel-related sexually transmitted infections. AU - Korzeniewski,Krzysztof, AU - Juszczak,Dariusz, PY - 2015/12/22/received PY - 2015/12/22/accepted PY - 2016/1/5/entrez PY - 2016/1/5/pubmed PY - 2016/10/11/medline KW - clinical symptoms KW - epidemiology KW - prevention KW - sexually transmitted infections KW - travellers SP - 238 EP - 46 JF - International maritime health JO - Int Marit Health VL - 66 IS - 4 N2 - Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are among the most common notifiable health problems worldwide, with particularly high rates in developing countries. Men and women with multiple sexual partners at home or a previous history of STIs are more likely to have casual sexual exposure (CSE) while travelling. Over the last several decades 5% to even 50% of short-term travellers engaged in CSE during foreign trips. It is estimated that only 50% of travellers use condoms during casual sex abroad. Sexual contact with commercial sex workers is an exceptionally high-risk behaviour. The common risk factor is also young age. Adolescents and young adults constitute 25% of the sexually active population, but represent almost 50% of all new acquired STIs. Many STIs are asymptomatic and therefore can be difficult to identify and control. The clinical manifestation of STIs can be grouped into a number of syndromes, such as genital ulcer or erosion, urethral or vaginal discharge, pelvic inflammatory disease. STIs are divided into curable infections caused by bacteria (gonorrhoea, chlamydiasis, syphilis, chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum, granuloma inguinale) or protozoa (trichomoniasis) and incurable viral infections (genital herpes, genital warts, HIV). STIs are not only a cause of acute morbidity, but may result in complications including male and female infertility, ectopic pregnancy, cervical cancer, premature mortality or miscarriage. Monogamous sex with a stable, uninfected partner or sexual abstinence remains the only way to avoid the risk of becoming infected with STIs. SN - 2081-3252 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26726895/Travel_related_sexually_transmitted_infections_ L2 - https://journals.viamedica.pl/international_maritime_health/article/view/44276 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -