Comparison of outcomes at 6 weeks following postpartum intrauterine contraceptive device insertions by doctors and nurses in India: a case-control study.Contraception 2016; 93(4):347-355C
As part of a strategy to revitalize postpartum family planning services, Government of India revised its policy in 2013 to permit trained nurses and midwives to insert postpartum intrauterine contraceptive devices (PPIUCDs). This study compares two key outcomes of PPIUCD insertions--expulsion and infection--for physicians and nurses/midwives to generate evidence for task sharing.
We analyzed secondary data from the PPIUCD program in seven states using a case-control study design. We included facilities where both doctors and nurses/midwives performed PPIUCD insertions and where five or more cases of expulsion and/or infection were reported during the study period (January-December 2013). For each case of expulsion and infection, we identified a time-matched control who received a PPIUCD at the same facility and had no complaints. We performed a multiple logistic regression analysis focusing on provider cadre while controlling for potential confounding factors.
In 137 facilities, 792 expulsion and 382 infection cases were matched with 1041 controls. Provider type was not significantly associated with either expulsion [odds ratio (OR) 1.84; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.82-4.12] or infection (OR 0.73; 95% CI: 0.39-1.37). Compared with centralized training, odds of expulsion were higher for onsite (OR 2.32, 95% CI: 1.86-2.89) and on-the-job training (OR 1.23, 95% CI: 1.11-1.36), but odds of infection were lower for onsite (OR 0.45, 95% CI: 0.27-0.75) and on-the-job training (OR 0.31, 95% CI: 0.25-0.37).
Trained nurses and midwives who conduct deliveries at public health facilities can perform PPIUCD insertions as safely as physicians.
Institutional deliveries are increasing in India, but most normal vaginal deliveries at public health facilities are attended by nurses and midwives due to a shortage of physicians. Task sharing with nurses and midwives can increase women's access to and the acceptability of quality PPIUCD services.