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Detection of Snake Fungal Disease Due to Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola in Virginia, USA.
J Wildl Dis. 2016 Jan; 52(1):143-9.JW

Abstract

Snake fungal disease (SFD) is an emerging disease of wildlife believed to be caused by Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola. Although geographic and host ranges have yet to be determined, this disease is characterized by crusty scales, superficial pustules, and subcutaneous nodules, with subsequent morbidity and mortality in some snake species. To confirm the presence of SFD and O. ophiodiicola in snakes of eastern Virginia, US, we clinically examined 30 free-ranging snakes on public lands from April to October 2014. Skin biopsy samples were collected from nine snakes that had gross lesions suggestive of SFD; seven of these biopsies were suitable for histologic interpretation, and eight were suitable for culture and PCR detection of O. ophiodiicola. Seven snakes had histologic features consistent with SFD and eight were positive for O. ophiodiicola by PCR or fungal culture.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1 Virginia Zoo, 3500 Granby St., Norfolk, Virginia 23504, USA.2 US Geological Survey, National Wildlife Health Center, 6006 Schroeder Rd., Madison, Wisconsin 53711, USA.2 US Geological Survey, National Wildlife Health Center, 6006 Schroeder Rd., Madison, Wisconsin 53711, USA.2 US Geological Survey, National Wildlife Health Center, 6006 Schroeder Rd., Madison, Wisconsin 53711, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26745835

Citation

Guthrie, Amanda L., et al. "Detection of Snake Fungal Disease Due to Ophidiomyces Ophiodiicola in Virginia, USA." Journal of Wildlife Diseases, vol. 52, no. 1, 2016, pp. 143-9.
Guthrie AL, Knowles S, Ballmann AE, et al. Detection of Snake Fungal Disease Due to Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola in Virginia, USA. J Wildl Dis. 2016;52(1):143-9.
Guthrie, A. L., Knowles, S., Ballmann, A. E., & Lorch, J. M. (2016). Detection of Snake Fungal Disease Due to Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola in Virginia, USA. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 52(1), 143-9. https://doi.org/10.7589/2015-04-093.1
Guthrie AL, et al. Detection of Snake Fungal Disease Due to Ophidiomyces Ophiodiicola in Virginia, USA. J Wildl Dis. 2016;52(1):143-9. PubMed PMID: 26745835.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Detection of Snake Fungal Disease Due to Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola in Virginia, USA. AU - Guthrie,Amanda L, AU - Knowles,Susan, AU - Ballmann,Anne E, AU - Lorch,Jeffrey M, PY - 2016/1/9/entrez PY - 2016/1/9/pubmed PY - 2016/10/19/medline KW - Dermatitis KW - Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola KW - PCR KW - emerging disease KW - snake fungal disease SP - 143 EP - 9 JF - Journal of wildlife diseases JO - J. Wildl. Dis. VL - 52 IS - 1 N2 - Snake fungal disease (SFD) is an emerging disease of wildlife believed to be caused by Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola. Although geographic and host ranges have yet to be determined, this disease is characterized by crusty scales, superficial pustules, and subcutaneous nodules, with subsequent morbidity and mortality in some snake species. To confirm the presence of SFD and O. ophiodiicola in snakes of eastern Virginia, US, we clinically examined 30 free-ranging snakes on public lands from April to October 2014. Skin biopsy samples were collected from nine snakes that had gross lesions suggestive of SFD; seven of these biopsies were suitable for histologic interpretation, and eight were suitable for culture and PCR detection of O. ophiodiicola. Seven snakes had histologic features consistent with SFD and eight were positive for O. ophiodiicola by PCR or fungal culture. SN - 1943-3700 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26745835/Detection_of_Snake_Fungal_Disease_Due_to_Ophidiomyces_ophiodiicola_in_Virginia_USA_ L2 - http://www.jwildlifedis.org/doi/10.7589/2015-04-093.1?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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