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Shared Risk Factors for the Perpetration of Physical Dating Violence, Bullying, and Sexual Harassment Among Adolescents Exposed to Domestic Violence.
J Youth Adolesc. 2016 Apr; 45(4):672-86.JY

Abstract

The high risk of perpetrating physical dating violence, bullying, and sexual harassment by adolescents exposed to domestic violence points to the need for programs to prevent these types of aggression among this group. This study of adolescents exposed to domestic violence examined whether these forms of aggression share risk factors that could be targeted for change in single programs designed to prevent all three types of aggression. Analyses were conducted on 399 mother victims of domestic violence and their adolescents, recruited through community advertising. The adolescents ranged in age from 12 to 16 years; 64 % were female. Generalized estimating equations was used to control for the covariation among the aggression types when testing for shared risk factors. Approximately 70 % of the adolescents reported perpetrating at least one of the three forms of aggression. In models examining one risk factor at a time, but controlling for demographics, adolescent acceptance of sexual violence, mother-adolescent discord, family conflict, low maternal monitoring, low mother-adolescent closeness, low family cohesion, depressed affect, feelings of anger, and anger reactivity were shared across all three aggression types. In multivariable models, which included all of the risk factors examined and the demographic variables, low maternal monitoring, depressed affect and anger reactivity remained significant shared risk factors. Our findings suggest that programs targeting these risk factors for change have the potential to prevent all three forms of aggression. In multivariable models, poor conflict management skills was a risk for bullying and sexual harassment, but not dating violence; acceptance of dating violence was a risk for dating violence and bullying, but not sexual harassment; and none of the examined risk factors were unique to aggression type. The study's implications for the development of interventions and future research are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Health Behavior, Gillings School of Global Public Health, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 319B Rosenau Hall CB# 7440, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599-7400, USA. foshee@email.unc.edu.Department of Health Behavior, Gillings School of Global Public Health, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB 7440, 319G Rosenau Hall, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. mcnaught@email.unc.edu.Department of Health Behavior, Gillings School of Global Public Health, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB 7400, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. maychen@email.unc.edu.Department of Health Behavior, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB #7440, Rosenau Hall 358A, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599-7440, USA. sennett@email.unc.edu.Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway NE, Mailstop F64, Atlanta, GA, USA. ksb9@cdc.gov.Division of Violence Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, MS-64, Atlanta, GA, USA. hci2@cdc.gov.Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway MS F-64, Atlanta, GA, USA. goz4@cdc.gov.Department of Health Behavior, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB 7440, 359 Rosenau Hall, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. moracco@email.unc.edu.Department of Health Behavior, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB# 7440, 309 Rosenau Hall, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. jbowling@email.unc.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26746242

Citation

Foshee, Vangie A., et al. "Shared Risk Factors for the Perpetration of Physical Dating Violence, Bullying, and Sexual Harassment Among Adolescents Exposed to Domestic Violence." Journal of Youth and Adolescence, vol. 45, no. 4, 2016, pp. 672-86.
Foshee VA, McNaughton Reyes HL, Chen MS, et al. Shared Risk Factors for the Perpetration of Physical Dating Violence, Bullying, and Sexual Harassment Among Adolescents Exposed to Domestic Violence. J Youth Adolesc. 2016;45(4):672-86.
Foshee, V. A., McNaughton Reyes, H. L., Chen, M. S., Ennett, S. T., Basile, K. C., DeGue, S., Vivolo-Kantor, A. M., Moracco, K. E., & Bowling, J. M. (2016). Shared Risk Factors for the Perpetration of Physical Dating Violence, Bullying, and Sexual Harassment Among Adolescents Exposed to Domestic Violence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 45(4), 672-86. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-015-0404-z
Foshee VA, et al. Shared Risk Factors for the Perpetration of Physical Dating Violence, Bullying, and Sexual Harassment Among Adolescents Exposed to Domestic Violence. J Youth Adolesc. 2016;45(4):672-86. PubMed PMID: 26746242.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Shared Risk Factors for the Perpetration of Physical Dating Violence, Bullying, and Sexual Harassment Among Adolescents Exposed to Domestic Violence. AU - Foshee,Vangie A, AU - McNaughton Reyes,H Luz, AU - Chen,May S, AU - Ennett,Susan T, AU - Basile,Kathleen C, AU - DeGue,Sarah, AU - Vivolo-Kantor,Alana M, AU - Moracco,Kathryn E, AU - Bowling,J Michael, Y1 - 2016/01/08/ PY - 2015/10/20/received PY - 2015/12/12/accepted PY - 2016/1/10/entrez PY - 2016/1/10/pubmed PY - 2016/12/29/medline KW - Aggression among adolescents exposed to domestic violence KW - Bullying KW - Physical dating violence KW - Sexual harassment SP - 672 EP - 86 JF - Journal of youth and adolescence JO - J Youth Adolesc VL - 45 IS - 4 N2 - The high risk of perpetrating physical dating violence, bullying, and sexual harassment by adolescents exposed to domestic violence points to the need for programs to prevent these types of aggression among this group. This study of adolescents exposed to domestic violence examined whether these forms of aggression share risk factors that could be targeted for change in single programs designed to prevent all three types of aggression. Analyses were conducted on 399 mother victims of domestic violence and their adolescents, recruited through community advertising. The adolescents ranged in age from 12 to 16 years; 64 % were female. Generalized estimating equations was used to control for the covariation among the aggression types when testing for shared risk factors. Approximately 70 % of the adolescents reported perpetrating at least one of the three forms of aggression. In models examining one risk factor at a time, but controlling for demographics, adolescent acceptance of sexual violence, mother-adolescent discord, family conflict, low maternal monitoring, low mother-adolescent closeness, low family cohesion, depressed affect, feelings of anger, and anger reactivity were shared across all three aggression types. In multivariable models, which included all of the risk factors examined and the demographic variables, low maternal monitoring, depressed affect and anger reactivity remained significant shared risk factors. Our findings suggest that programs targeting these risk factors for change have the potential to prevent all three forms of aggression. In multivariable models, poor conflict management skills was a risk for bullying and sexual harassment, but not dating violence; acceptance of dating violence was a risk for dating violence and bullying, but not sexual harassment; and none of the examined risk factors were unique to aggression type. The study's implications for the development of interventions and future research are discussed. SN - 1573-6601 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26746242/Shared_Risk_Factors_for_the_Perpetration_of_Physical_Dating_Violence_Bullying_and_Sexual_Harassment_Among_Adolescents_Exposed_to_Domestic_Violence_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-015-0404-z DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -