Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

A 9-Month-Old Girl from Iran with Extensive Erythematous Plaques Due to Trichophyton simii, a Zoophilic Dermatophyte.
Mycopathologia 2016; 181(5-6):451-5M

Abstract

The incidence of dermatophytosis due to Trichophyton simii is generally considered to be limited to endemic areas, particularly one area of India. However, the high similarity between the morphological features of atypical T. simii isolates and those of other dermatophytes such as Trichophyton interdigitale and Arthroderma benhamiae may lead to misidentification of the cause of dermatophytosis in many instances. We investigated a rare case of tinea corporis in a 9-month-old female with extensive erythematous lesions. Morphological features of the recovered isolate from the culture resulted in the identification of Trichophyton interdigitale. For accurate identification, the internal transcribed spacer regions (ITS1 and ITS2) of the ribosomal DNA (rDNA) gene were sequenced and the isolate was ultimately identified as T. simii. In conclusion, T. simii, which has been formerly known to be restricted to specific endemic regions, appears to be not infrequent in non-endemic areas but instead simply less well-known and consequently underestimated. To determine its actual prevalence of infection, the application of DNA-based molecular methodologies is required.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Invasive Fungi Research Center (IFRC)/Department of Medical Mycology and Parasitology, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Km 18 Khazarabad Road, P.O. Box 48175-1665, Sari, Iran.Invasive Fungi Research Center (IFRC)/Department of Medical Mycology and Parasitology, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Km 18 Khazarabad Road, P.O. Box 48175-1665, Sari, Iran. hedayatimt@gmail.com.Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran.Department of Medical Mycology, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran. Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.Department of Medical Pathology, School of Medicine, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran.Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran.Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran.Division of Mycology, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Çukurova, Adana, Turkey.Invasive Fungi Research Center (IFRC)/Department of Medical Mycology and Parasitology, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Km 18 Khazarabad Road, P.O. Box 48175-1665, Sari, Iran. Department of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Department of Medical Microbiology, Radboud UMC, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26767834

Citation

Ansari, Saham, et al. "A 9-Month-Old Girl From Iran With Extensive Erythematous Plaques Due to Trichophyton Simii, a Zoophilic Dermatophyte." Mycopathologia, vol. 181, no. 5-6, 2016, pp. 451-5.
Ansari S, Hedayati MT, Nouripour-Sisakht S, et al. A 9-Month-Old Girl from Iran with Extensive Erythematous Plaques Due to Trichophyton simii, a Zoophilic Dermatophyte. Mycopathologia. 2016;181(5-6):451-5.
Ansari, S., Hedayati, M. T., Nouripour-Sisakht, S., Rezaei-Matehkolaei, A., Jannesar, R., Mohammadi, H., ... Seyedmousavi, S. (2016). A 9-Month-Old Girl from Iran with Extensive Erythematous Plaques Due to Trichophyton simii, a Zoophilic Dermatophyte. Mycopathologia, 181(5-6), pp. 451-5. doi:10.1007/s11046-015-9981-3.
Ansari S, et al. A 9-Month-Old Girl From Iran With Extensive Erythematous Plaques Due to Trichophyton Simii, a Zoophilic Dermatophyte. Mycopathologia. 2016;181(5-6):451-5. PubMed PMID: 26767834.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A 9-Month-Old Girl from Iran with Extensive Erythematous Plaques Due to Trichophyton simii, a Zoophilic Dermatophyte. AU - Ansari,Saham, AU - Hedayati,Mohammad T, AU - Nouripour-Sisakht,Sadegh, AU - Rezaei-Matehkolaei,Ali, AU - Jannesar,Ramin, AU - Mohammadi,Haniyeh, AU - Fazli,Yousef, AU - Ilkit,Macit, AU - Seyedmousavi,Seyedmojtaba, Y1 - 2016/01/14/ PY - 2015/10/22/received PY - 2015/12/31/accepted PY - 2016/1/16/entrez PY - 2016/1/16/pubmed PY - 2017/4/4/medline KW - Iran KW - Molecular identification KW - Tinea corporis KW - Trichophyton simii SP - 451 EP - 5 JF - Mycopathologia JO - Mycopathologia VL - 181 IS - 5-6 N2 - The incidence of dermatophytosis due to Trichophyton simii is generally considered to be limited to endemic areas, particularly one area of India. However, the high similarity between the morphological features of atypical T. simii isolates and those of other dermatophytes such as Trichophyton interdigitale and Arthroderma benhamiae may lead to misidentification of the cause of dermatophytosis in many instances. We investigated a rare case of tinea corporis in a 9-month-old female with extensive erythematous lesions. Morphological features of the recovered isolate from the culture resulted in the identification of Trichophyton interdigitale. For accurate identification, the internal transcribed spacer regions (ITS1 and ITS2) of the ribosomal DNA (rDNA) gene were sequenced and the isolate was ultimately identified as T. simii. In conclusion, T. simii, which has been formerly known to be restricted to specific endemic regions, appears to be not infrequent in non-endemic areas but instead simply less well-known and consequently underestimated. To determine its actual prevalence of infection, the application of DNA-based molecular methodologies is required. SN - 1573-0832 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26767834/A_9_Month_Old_Girl_from_Iran_with_Extensive_Erythematous_Plaques_Due_to_Trichophyton_simii_a_Zoophilic_Dermatophyte_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11046-015-9981-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -