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Proper Calcium Use: Vitamin K2 as a Promoter of Bone and Cardiovascular Health.
Integr Med (Encinitas) 2015; 14(1):34-9IM

Abstract

Inadequate calcium intake can lead to decreased bone mineral density, which can increase the risk of bone fractures. Supplemental calcium promotes bone mineral density and strength and can prevent osteoporosis. Recent scientific evidence, however, suggests that elevated consumption of calcium supplements may raise the risk for heart disease and can be connected with accelerated deposit of calcium in blood-vessel walls and soft tissues. In contrast, vitamin K2 is associated with the inhibition of arterial calcification and arterial stiffening. An adequate intake of vitamin K2 has been shown to lower the risk of vascular damage because it activates matrix GLA protein (MGP), which inhibits the deposits of calcium on the walls. Vitamin K, particularly as vitamin K2, is nearly nonexistent in junk food, with little being consumed even in a healthy Western diet. Vitamin K deficiency results in inadequate activation of MGP, which greatly impairs the process of calcium removal and increases the risk of calcification of the blood vessels. An increased intake of vitamin K2 could be a means of lowering calcium-associated health risks.

Authors+Show Affiliations

is the president and scientific coordinator of International Science and Health Foundation in Krakow, Poland.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26770129

Citation

Maresz, Katarzyna. "Proper Calcium Use: Vitamin K2 as a Promoter of Bone and Cardiovascular Health." Integrative Medicine (Encinitas, Calif.), vol. 14, no. 1, 2015, pp. 34-9.
Maresz K. Proper Calcium Use: Vitamin K2 as a Promoter of Bone and Cardiovascular Health. Integr Med (Encinitas). 2015;14(1):34-9.
Maresz, K. (2015). Proper Calcium Use: Vitamin K2 as a Promoter of Bone and Cardiovascular Health. Integrative Medicine (Encinitas, Calif.), 14(1), pp. 34-9.
Maresz K. Proper Calcium Use: Vitamin K2 as a Promoter of Bone and Cardiovascular Health. Integr Med (Encinitas). 2015;14(1):34-9. PubMed PMID: 26770129.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Proper Calcium Use: Vitamin K2 as a Promoter of Bone and Cardiovascular Health. A1 - Maresz,Katarzyna, PY - 2016/1/16/entrez PY - 2016/1/16/pubmed PY - 2016/1/16/medline SP - 34 EP - 9 JF - Integrative medicine (Encinitas, Calif.) JO - Integr Med (Encinitas) VL - 14 IS - 1 N2 - Inadequate calcium intake can lead to decreased bone mineral density, which can increase the risk of bone fractures. Supplemental calcium promotes bone mineral density and strength and can prevent osteoporosis. Recent scientific evidence, however, suggests that elevated consumption of calcium supplements may raise the risk for heart disease and can be connected with accelerated deposit of calcium in blood-vessel walls and soft tissues. In contrast, vitamin K2 is associated with the inhibition of arterial calcification and arterial stiffening. An adequate intake of vitamin K2 has been shown to lower the risk of vascular damage because it activates matrix GLA protein (MGP), which inhibits the deposits of calcium on the walls. Vitamin K, particularly as vitamin K2, is nearly nonexistent in junk food, with little being consumed even in a healthy Western diet. Vitamin K deficiency results in inadequate activation of MGP, which greatly impairs the process of calcium removal and increases the risk of calcification of the blood vessels. An increased intake of vitamin K2 could be a means of lowering calcium-associated health risks. SN - 1546-993X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26770129/full_citation L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/26770129/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -