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Urban Natural Environments, Obesity, and Health-Related Quality of Life among Hispanic Children Living in Inner-City Neighborhoods.

Abstract

Although a substantial body of literature has provided evidence supporting the positive effects of natural environments on well-being, little has been known about the specific spatial patterns of urban nature in promoting health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among children. This study assessed the association that the urban natural environment measured by landscape spatial patterns may have with obesity and HRQOL among Hispanic children. Ninety-two 4th and 5th grade students were recruited from Houston, Texas, and the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) was used to capture the children's HRQOL. The quality of urban natural environments was assessed by quantifying the landscape spatial patterns, using landscape indices generated by Geographic Information Systems and remote sensing. From the bivariate analyses, children's body mass index showed a significantly negative association with their HRQOL. After controlling for socio-demographic factors, the results revealed that larger and more tree areas were positively correlated with children's HRQOL. In addition, those children living in areas with tree patches further apart from each other showed higher HRQOL. This research adds to the current multi-disciplinary area of research on environment-health relationships by investigating the roles of urban greeneries and linking their spatial structures with children's HRQOL.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Landscape Architecture and Urban Planning; Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA. jhkim@arch.tamu.edu.Department of Landscape Architecture and Urban Planning; Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA. clee@arch.tamu.edu.Department of Landscape Architecture and Urban Planning; Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA. wonmin.sohn@tamu.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26771623

Citation

Kim, Jun-Hyun, et al. "Urban Natural Environments, Obesity, and Health-Related Quality of Life Among Hispanic Children Living in Inner-City Neighborhoods." International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 13, no. 1, 2016.
Kim JH, Lee C, Sohn W. Urban Natural Environments, Obesity, and Health-Related Quality of Life among Hispanic Children Living in Inner-City Neighborhoods. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016;13(1).
Kim, J. H., Lee, C., & Sohn, W. (2016). Urban Natural Environments, Obesity, and Health-Related Quality of Life among Hispanic Children Living in Inner-City Neighborhoods. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13(1), doi:10.3390/ijerph13010121.
Kim JH, Lee C, Sohn W. Urban Natural Environments, Obesity, and Health-Related Quality of Life Among Hispanic Children Living in Inner-City Neighborhoods. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jan 12;13(1) PubMed PMID: 26771623.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Urban Natural Environments, Obesity, and Health-Related Quality of Life among Hispanic Children Living in Inner-City Neighborhoods. AU - Kim,Jun-Hyun, AU - Lee,Chanam, AU - Sohn,Wonmin, Y1 - 2016/01/12/ PY - 2015/12/02/received PY - 2016/01/04/revised PY - 2016/01/06/accepted PY - 2016/1/16/entrez PY - 2016/1/16/pubmed PY - 2016/8/19/medline KW - GIS KW - children KW - green space KW - health-related quality of life KW - landscape ecology KW - landscape spatial patterns KW - obesity KW - remote sensing KW - urban natural environments JF - International journal of environmental research and public health JO - Int J Environ Res Public Health VL - 13 IS - 1 N2 - Although a substantial body of literature has provided evidence supporting the positive effects of natural environments on well-being, little has been known about the specific spatial patterns of urban nature in promoting health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among children. This study assessed the association that the urban natural environment measured by landscape spatial patterns may have with obesity and HRQOL among Hispanic children. Ninety-two 4th and 5th grade students were recruited from Houston, Texas, and the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) was used to capture the children's HRQOL. The quality of urban natural environments was assessed by quantifying the landscape spatial patterns, using landscape indices generated by Geographic Information Systems and remote sensing. From the bivariate analyses, children's body mass index showed a significantly negative association with their HRQOL. After controlling for socio-demographic factors, the results revealed that larger and more tree areas were positively correlated with children's HRQOL. In addition, those children living in areas with tree patches further apart from each other showed higher HRQOL. This research adds to the current multi-disciplinary area of research on environment-health relationships by investigating the roles of urban greeneries and linking their spatial structures with children's HRQOL. SN - 1660-4601 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26771623/Urban_Natural_Environments_Obesity_and_Health_Related_Quality_of_Life_among_Hispanic_Children_Living_in_Inner_City_Neighborhoods_ L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=ijerph13010121 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -