Fully-automated, chemiluminescence IgA and IgG anti-tissue transglutaminase (tTG) antibodies serum assays for the screening of celiac disease.J Immunol Methods 2016; 429:57-9JI
Celiac disease (CD) is a systemic immune-mediated enteropathy sustained by gluten ingestion in genetically susceptible subjects. The European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) has recently revised the diagnostic criteria, emphasizing the crucial role of serological testing in the diagnosis of this condition. This study was hence aimed to evaluate a new chemiluminescence assay for measuring anti-transglutaminase (tTG) and anti-endomysium (EMA) antibodies in a general population of unselected outpatients.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
The IgA and IgG anti-tissue transglutaminase (tTG) antibodies (Quanta Flash® IgA and Quanta Flash® IgG tTG, Inova Diagnostics, San Diego, CA, USA) were measured with the fully-automated BIO-FLASH® analyzer (Inova Diagnostics) in serum samples of 727 consecutive patients without a diagnosis of CD. Data were compared with those of anti-endomysium antibody (EmA) obtained in the same population.
A total of 96.4% samples display a negative concordance (anti-tTG negative and EMA negative), O% were positive for EMA and negative for anti-tTG IgA and IgG, 3.6% were both positive for tTG IgA and EMA, whereas 0.6% displayed discordant results (positive for anti-tTG and negative for EMA). The concordance (99%) and inter-rater agreement (Kappa Statistics, 0.943; p<0.001) between anti-tTG IgA and EmA antibodies were excellent, with sensitivity and specificity of 99% and 100%, respectively.
The results of this study show that Quanta Flash® IgA assay alone may be regarded as a reliable approach for screening of CD, with no need to perform EMA detection.