A simple and sensitive UHPLC-MS/MS method for quantification of buddlejasaponin IV in rat plasma and its application to a pharmacokinetic study.J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2016 Feb 20; 120:374-82.JP
Buddlejasaponin IV (BS-IV), a natural triterpene saponin isolated from several herbal plants, has drawn a lot of attention for its anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive, antihyperlipidemia, and antitumor activities. In this study, a simple and sensitive method for determination of BS-IV in rat plasma was developed for the first time, using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS). Tenacissoside I was used as an internal standard (IS). Separation was achieved on an Agilent Extend-C18 column with gradient elution using methanol-water as mobile phase at a flow rate of 400μL/min. A triple quadrupole mass spectrometer operating in the positive/negative ion-switching electrospray ionization mode with selection reaction monitoring (SRM) was used to determine BS-IV and IS transitions of 941.4→779.5 and 815.5→755.5, respectively. The lower limit of quantification was 3.00ng/mL with a linear range of 3.0-3000ng/mL. The intra- and inter-day precisions were both ≤10.4% for BS-IV, and the average intra- and inter-day accuracies ranged from -7.2% to 6.7%. The validated assay was successfully applied to a pharmacokinetic study of BS-IV following oral administration of 3, 6, 12mg/kg and an intravenous administration of 0.9mg/kg to rats.