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The influence of occupational stress factors on nicotine dependence among students of health and nonhealth care professional colleges.
Niger Med J 2015 Sep-Oct; 56(5):349-52NM

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To study the relationship between perceived job stress measured using Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) scale and nicotine dependence using Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) scale among students of health and nonhealth care professional colleges.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried on convenient sample of 408 health and nonhealth care professional who were current smokers. Nicotine dependence was measured using the FTND. The extent of the stress factors experienced at work was assessed using the ERI. Chi-square test and logistic regression were used for the statistical analysis.

RESULTS

Occupational stress factors are actually associated with higher levels of nicotine dependence (odds ratio = 4.523). The degree of nicotine dependence and stress imbalance was found to be more among health care professional students as compared to nonhealth care professional students (P < 0.05). Being religious was found to have a significant effect in reducing nicotine dependence.

CONCLUSION

Being religious, having low occupational stress and being nonhealth care professional have a significant effect on the prevention of nicotine dependence.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public Health Dentistry, National Dental College and Hospital, Dera Bassi, Punjab, India.Department of Public Health Dentistry, Teerthankar Dental College, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.Department of Public Health Dentistry, SDDHDC, Panchkula, India.Department of Public Health Dentistry, MM Dental College, Mullana, India.Department of Public Health Dentistry, SDDHDC, Panchkula, India.Private Dental Practitioner, Conservative and Endodontist, Ambala, Haryana, India.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26778887

Citation

Chopra, Amandeep, et al. "The Influence of Occupational Stress Factors On Nicotine Dependence Among Students of Health and Nonhealth Care Professional Colleges." Nigerian Medical Journal : Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association, vol. 56, no. 5, 2015, pp. 349-52.
Chopra A, Lakhanpal M, Gupta N, et al. The influence of occupational stress factors on nicotine dependence among students of health and nonhealth care professional colleges. Niger Med J. 2015;56(5):349-52.
Chopra, A., Lakhanpal, M., Gupta, N., Suri, V., Kaur, G., & Bhudhiraja, S. (2015). The influence of occupational stress factors on nicotine dependence among students of health and nonhealth care professional colleges. Nigerian Medical Journal : Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association, 56(5), pp. 349-52. doi:10.4103/0300-1652.170391.
Chopra A, et al. The Influence of Occupational Stress Factors On Nicotine Dependence Among Students of Health and Nonhealth Care Professional Colleges. Niger Med J. 2015;56(5):349-52. PubMed PMID: 26778887.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The influence of occupational stress factors on nicotine dependence among students of health and nonhealth care professional colleges. AU - Chopra,Amandeep, AU - Lakhanpal,Manav, AU - Gupta,Nidhi, AU - Suri,Varun, AU - Kaur,Gurwant, AU - Bhudhiraja,Swati, PY - 2016/1/19/entrez PY - 2016/1/19/pubmed PY - 2016/1/19/medline KW - Effort-Reward Imbalance KW - Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence KW - health and nonhealth care KW - job stress KW - nicotine dependence KW - professional students SP - 349 EP - 52 JF - Nigerian medical journal : journal of the Nigeria Medical Association JO - Niger Med J VL - 56 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To study the relationship between perceived job stress measured using Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) scale and nicotine dependence using Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) scale among students of health and nonhealth care professional colleges. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried on convenient sample of 408 health and nonhealth care professional who were current smokers. Nicotine dependence was measured using the FTND. The extent of the stress factors experienced at work was assessed using the ERI. Chi-square test and logistic regression were used for the statistical analysis. RESULTS: Occupational stress factors are actually associated with higher levels of nicotine dependence (odds ratio = 4.523). The degree of nicotine dependence and stress imbalance was found to be more among health care professional students as compared to nonhealth care professional students (P < 0.05). Being religious was found to have a significant effect in reducing nicotine dependence. CONCLUSION: Being religious, having low occupational stress and being nonhealth care professional have a significant effect on the prevention of nicotine dependence. SN - 0300-1652 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26778887/The_influence_of_occupational_stress_factors_on_nicotine_dependence_among_students_of_health_and_nonhealth_care_professional_colleges_ L2 - http://www.nigeriamedj.com/article.asp?issn=0300-1652;year=2015;volume=56;issue=5;spage=349;epage=352;aulast=Chopra DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -