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Diet, lifestyle and cognitive function in old Chinese adults.
Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2016 Mar-Apr; 63:36-42AG

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The relationship between diet, lifestyle and cognition of old adults has been indicated in several population-based studies. However, the conclusions derived from these studies are inconsistent.

METHODS

A cross-sectional study was carried out in 894 old Chinese adults aged 50 and above. Cognitive function of the participants was measured by using Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) test. Demographic characteristics and lifestyle was collected with a questionnaire. A semi-quantified FFQ method was used for dietary intake survey.

RESULTS

Comparing with normal subjects, mild cognition impairment (MCI) patients were characterized as old age and lower education (P<0.01). The nuts and cooking oil intake of MCI patients was less than the normal subjects (P<0.05). Fruit and vegetable intake will benefit orientation, name and attention ability in the elderly (P<0.05). Fruit and vegetable juice drinking will benefit abstraction ability (P<0.01).Subjects with regular reading and housekeeping habit had better cognition (P<0.01).

CONCLUSIONS

Nuts, vegetables and fruit-rich diet might decrease the risk of cognition impairment. Reading and housekeeping help to maintain healthy cognition in the elderly.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Capital Medical University, Beijing, PR China.Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Capital Medical University, Beijing, PR China.Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Capital Medical University, Beijing, PR China.Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Capital Medical University, Beijing, PR China.Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Capital Medical University, Beijing, PR China.Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Capital Medical University, Beijing, PR China.Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Capital Medical University, Beijing, PR China. Electronic address: ylhmedu@126.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26791169

Citation

Dong, Li, et al. "Diet, Lifestyle and Cognitive Function in Old Chinese Adults." Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, vol. 63, 2016, pp. 36-42.
Dong L, Xiao R, Cai C, et al. Diet, lifestyle and cognitive function in old Chinese adults. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2016;63:36-42.
Dong, L., Xiao, R., Cai, C., Xu, Z., Wang, S., Pan, L., & Yuan, L. (2016). Diet, lifestyle and cognitive function in old Chinese adults. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 63, pp. 36-42. doi:10.1016/j.archger.2015.12.003.
Dong L, et al. Diet, Lifestyle and Cognitive Function in Old Chinese Adults. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2016;63:36-42. PubMed PMID: 26791169.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Diet, lifestyle and cognitive function in old Chinese adults. AU - Dong,Li, AU - Xiao,Rong, AU - Cai,Can, AU - Xu,Zhuoyuan, AU - Wang,Sisi, AU - Pan,Lulu, AU - Yuan,Linhong, Y1 - 2015/12/17/ PY - 2015/10/29/received PY - 2015/12/08/revised PY - 2015/12/11/accepted PY - 2016/1/22/entrez PY - 2016/1/23/pubmed PY - 2016/7/12/medline KW - Cognition KW - Diet KW - Lifestyle KW - The old adults SP - 36 EP - 42 JF - Archives of gerontology and geriatrics JO - Arch Gerontol Geriatr VL - 63 N2 - BACKGROUND: The relationship between diet, lifestyle and cognition of old adults has been indicated in several population-based studies. However, the conclusions derived from these studies are inconsistent. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 894 old Chinese adults aged 50 and above. Cognitive function of the participants was measured by using Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) test. Demographic characteristics and lifestyle was collected with a questionnaire. A semi-quantified FFQ method was used for dietary intake survey. RESULTS: Comparing with normal subjects, mild cognition impairment (MCI) patients were characterized as old age and lower education (P<0.01). The nuts and cooking oil intake of MCI patients was less than the normal subjects (P<0.05). Fruit and vegetable intake will benefit orientation, name and attention ability in the elderly (P<0.05). Fruit and vegetable juice drinking will benefit abstraction ability (P<0.01).Subjects with regular reading and housekeeping habit had better cognition (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Nuts, vegetables and fruit-rich diet might decrease the risk of cognition impairment. Reading and housekeeping help to maintain healthy cognition in the elderly. SN - 1872-6976 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26791169/Diet_lifestyle_and_cognitive_function_in_old_Chinese_adults_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0167-4943(15)30093-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -