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Socially restrictive attitudes towards people with mental illness among the non-psychiatry medical professionals in a university teaching hospital in South India.
Int J Soc Psychiatry 2016; 62(3):221-6IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Unfortunately, stigmatizing attitudes towards mentally ill are common among medical students, nurses as well as doctors. This is a major obstacle in the delivery of mental health services.

AIMS

To assess the socially restrictive attitudes towards mentally ill among the medical professionals and to investigate the association between such attitudes and relevant variables.

METHODS

We assessed the attitudes towards people with mental illness among the medical professionals (N = 130) in a medical university using shortened version of the 40-item Community Attitudes toward the Mentally Ill (CAMI) scale.

RESULTS

We found that socially restrictive attitudes were endorsed by quite a number of faculty members and trainees. Significantly higher number of faculty members (22.5%) compared to the trainees (9.1%) endorsed unfavourable attitudes towards previously mentally ill man getting married. Similarly, significantly more number of faculty (22.5%) were averse to the idea of living next door to someone who has been mentally ill compared to the trainees (9.1%). However, significantly lesser number of faculty members (16.1%) compared to the trainees (30.3%) believed that previously mentally ill people should be excluded from taking public office. Personal acquaintance with a mentally ill individual was the only variable that was associated with significantly lesser socially restrictive attitudes among the medical professionals, irrespective of their age, gender and clinical exposure to people with mental illness.

CONCLUSION

Socially restrictive attitudes towards people with mental illness are prevalent among substantial number of medical professionals in a low-income country like India. Personal acquaintance with people who have mental illness appears to be the only significant factor that reduces medical professionals' socially restrictive attitudes towards them.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, Yenepoya University, Mangalore, India.Department of Psychiatry, Yenepoya University, Mangalore, India rdmendonsa@gmail.com.Department of Biochemistry, Yenepoya University, Mangalore, India.Department of Psychiatry, Yenepoya University, Mangalore, India.Department of Psychiatry, Yenepoya University, Mangalore, India.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26794412

Citation

Sathyanath, Shashwath, et al. "Socially Restrictive Attitudes Towards People With Mental Illness Among the Non-psychiatry Medical Professionals in a University Teaching Hospital in South India." The International Journal of Social Psychiatry, vol. 62, no. 3, 2016, pp. 221-6.
Sathyanath S, Mendonsa RD, Thattil AM, et al. Socially restrictive attitudes towards people with mental illness among the non-psychiatry medical professionals in a university teaching hospital in South India. Int J Soc Psychiatry. 2016;62(3):221-6.
Sathyanath, S., Mendonsa, R. D., Thattil, A. M., Chandran, V. M., & Karkal, R. S. (2016). Socially restrictive attitudes towards people with mental illness among the non-psychiatry medical professionals in a university teaching hospital in South India. The International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 62(3), pp. 221-6. doi:10.1177/0020764015623971.
Sathyanath S, et al. Socially Restrictive Attitudes Towards People With Mental Illness Among the Non-psychiatry Medical Professionals in a University Teaching Hospital in South India. Int J Soc Psychiatry. 2016;62(3):221-6. PubMed PMID: 26794412.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Socially restrictive attitudes towards people with mental illness among the non-psychiatry medical professionals in a university teaching hospital in South India. AU - Sathyanath,Shashwath, AU - Mendonsa,Rohan Dilip, AU - Thattil,Anitha Maria, AU - Chandran,Varikkara Mohan, AU - Karkal,Ravichandra S, Y1 - 2016/01/21/ PY - 2016/1/23/entrez PY - 2016/1/23/pubmed PY - 2017/1/11/medline KW - Attitudes KW - India KW - medical professionals KW - medical trainees KW - mental illness KW - socially restrictive SP - 221 EP - 6 JF - The International journal of social psychiatry JO - Int J Soc Psychiatry VL - 62 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Unfortunately, stigmatizing attitudes towards mentally ill are common among medical students, nurses as well as doctors. This is a major obstacle in the delivery of mental health services. AIMS: To assess the socially restrictive attitudes towards mentally ill among the medical professionals and to investigate the association between such attitudes and relevant variables. METHODS: We assessed the attitudes towards people with mental illness among the medical professionals (N = 130) in a medical university using shortened version of the 40-item Community Attitudes toward the Mentally Ill (CAMI) scale. RESULTS: We found that socially restrictive attitudes were endorsed by quite a number of faculty members and trainees. Significantly higher number of faculty members (22.5%) compared to the trainees (9.1%) endorsed unfavourable attitudes towards previously mentally ill man getting married. Similarly, significantly more number of faculty (22.5%) were averse to the idea of living next door to someone who has been mentally ill compared to the trainees (9.1%). However, significantly lesser number of faculty members (16.1%) compared to the trainees (30.3%) believed that previously mentally ill people should be excluded from taking public office. Personal acquaintance with a mentally ill individual was the only variable that was associated with significantly lesser socially restrictive attitudes among the medical professionals, irrespective of their age, gender and clinical exposure to people with mental illness. CONCLUSION: Socially restrictive attitudes towards people with mental illness are prevalent among substantial number of medical professionals in a low-income country like India. Personal acquaintance with people who have mental illness appears to be the only significant factor that reduces medical professionals' socially restrictive attitudes towards them. SN - 1741-2854 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26794412/Socially_restrictive_attitudes_towards_people_with_mental_illness_among_the_non_psychiatry_medical_professionals_in_a_university_teaching_hospital_in_South_India_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0020764015623971?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -