Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Genetic relationships between race-nonspecific and race-specific interactions in the wheat-Pyrenophora tritici-repentis pathosystem.
Theor Appl Genet. 2016 May; 129(5):897-908.TA

Abstract

KEY MESSAGE

We identified a major QTL conferring race-nonspecific resistance and revealed its relationships with race-specific interactions in the wheat- Pyrenophora tritici-repentis pathosystem. Tan spot, caused by the fungus Pyrenophora tritici-repentis (Ptr), is a destructive disease of wheat worldwide. The disease system is known to include inverse gene-for-gene, race-specific interactions involving the recognition of fungal-produced necrotrophic effectors (NEs) by corresponding host sensitivity genes. However, quantitative trait loci (QTLs) conferring race-nonspecific resistance have also been identified. In this work, we identified a major race-nonspecific resistance QTL and characterized its genetic relationships with the NE-host gene interactions Ptr ToxA-Tsn1 and Ptr ToxC-Tsc1 in a recombinant inbred wheat population derived from the cross between 'Louise' and 'Penawawa.' Both parental lines were sensitive to Ptr ToxA, but Penawawa and Louise were highly resistant and susceptible, respectively, to conidial inoculations of all races. Resistance was predominantly governed by a major race-nonspecific QTL on chromosome arm 3BL for resistance to all races. Another significant QTL was detected at the distal end of chromosome arm 1AS for resistance to the Ptr ToxC-producing isolates, which corresponded to the known location of the Tsc1 locus. The effects of the 3B and 1A QTLs were largely additive, and the 3B resistance QTL was epistatic to the Ptr ToxA-Tsn1 interaction. Resistance to race 2 in F1 plants was completely dominant; however, race 3-inoculated F1 plants were only moderately resistant because they developed chlorosis presumably due to the Ptr ToxC-Tsc1 interaction. This work provides further understanding of genetic resistance in the wheat-tan spot system as well as important guidance for tan spot resistance breeding.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Plant Pathology, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, 58108, USA.Department of Crop and Soil Science, Washington State University, Pullman, WA, 99164-6420, USA.Department of Plant Pathology, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, 58108, USA.USDA-ARS Cereal Crops Research Unit, Northern Crop Science Laboratory, Fargo, 58102, USA.USDA-ARS Cereal Crops Research Unit, Northern Crop Science Laboratory, Fargo, 58102, USA.Department of Plant Science, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, 58108, USA. Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, University of Georgia, 1109 Experiment St, Griffin, GA, 30223, USA.Department of Plant Pathology, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, 58108, USA. zhh.liu@ndsu.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26796533

Citation

Kariyawasam, Gayan K., et al. "Genetic Relationships Between Race-nonspecific and Race-specific Interactions in the wheat-Pyrenophora Tritici-repentis Pathosystem." TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische Und Angewandte Genetik, vol. 129, no. 5, 2016, pp. 897-908.
Kariyawasam GK, Carter AH, Rasmussen JB, et al. Genetic relationships between race-nonspecific and race-specific interactions in the wheat-Pyrenophora tritici-repentis pathosystem. Theor Appl Genet. 2016;129(5):897-908.
Kariyawasam, G. K., Carter, A. H., Rasmussen, J. B., Faris, J., Xu, S. S., Mergoum, M., & Liu, Z. (2016). Genetic relationships between race-nonspecific and race-specific interactions in the wheat-Pyrenophora tritici-repentis pathosystem. TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische Und Angewandte Genetik, 129(5), 897-908. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-016-2670-x
Kariyawasam GK, et al. Genetic Relationships Between Race-nonspecific and Race-specific Interactions in the wheat-Pyrenophora Tritici-repentis Pathosystem. Theor Appl Genet. 2016;129(5):897-908. PubMed PMID: 26796533.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Genetic relationships between race-nonspecific and race-specific interactions in the wheat-Pyrenophora tritici-repentis pathosystem. AU - Kariyawasam,Gayan K, AU - Carter,Arron H, AU - Rasmussen,Jack B, AU - Faris,Justin, AU - Xu,Steven S, AU - Mergoum,Mohamed, AU - Liu,Zhaohui, Y1 - 2016/01/21/ PY - 2015/09/25/received PY - 2016/01/09/accepted PY - 2016/1/23/entrez PY - 2016/1/23/pubmed PY - 2016/9/7/medline SP - 897 EP - 908 JF - TAG. Theoretical and applied genetics. Theoretische und angewandte Genetik JO - Theor Appl Genet VL - 129 IS - 5 N2 - KEY MESSAGE: We identified a major QTL conferring race-nonspecific resistance and revealed its relationships with race-specific interactions in the wheat- Pyrenophora tritici-repentis pathosystem. Tan spot, caused by the fungus Pyrenophora tritici-repentis (Ptr), is a destructive disease of wheat worldwide. The disease system is known to include inverse gene-for-gene, race-specific interactions involving the recognition of fungal-produced necrotrophic effectors (NEs) by corresponding host sensitivity genes. However, quantitative trait loci (QTLs) conferring race-nonspecific resistance have also been identified. In this work, we identified a major race-nonspecific resistance QTL and characterized its genetic relationships with the NE-host gene interactions Ptr ToxA-Tsn1 and Ptr ToxC-Tsc1 in a recombinant inbred wheat population derived from the cross between 'Louise' and 'Penawawa.' Both parental lines were sensitive to Ptr ToxA, but Penawawa and Louise were highly resistant and susceptible, respectively, to conidial inoculations of all races. Resistance was predominantly governed by a major race-nonspecific QTL on chromosome arm 3BL for resistance to all races. Another significant QTL was detected at the distal end of chromosome arm 1AS for resistance to the Ptr ToxC-producing isolates, which corresponded to the known location of the Tsc1 locus. The effects of the 3B and 1A QTLs were largely additive, and the 3B resistance QTL was epistatic to the Ptr ToxA-Tsn1 interaction. Resistance to race 2 in F1 plants was completely dominant; however, race 3-inoculated F1 plants were only moderately resistant because they developed chlorosis presumably due to the Ptr ToxC-Tsc1 interaction. This work provides further understanding of genetic resistance in the wheat-tan spot system as well as important guidance for tan spot resistance breeding. SN - 1432-2242 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26796533/Genetic_relationships_between_race_nonspecific_and_race_specific_interactions_in_the_wheat_Pyrenophora_tritici_repentis_pathosystem_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00122-016-2670-x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -