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Self-Reported Cancer Prevalence among Hispanics in the US: Results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos.
PLoS One. 2016; 11(1):e0146268.Plos

Abstract

Cancer has surpassed heart disease as the leading cause of death among Hispanics in the U.S., yet data on cancer prevalence and risk factors in Hispanics in regard to ancestry remain scarce. This study sought to describe (a) the prevalence of cancer among Hispanics from four major U.S. metropolitan areas, (b) cancer prevalence across Hispanic ancestry, and (c) identify correlates of self-reported cancer prevalence. Participants were 16,415 individuals from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL), who self-identified as Cuban, Dominican, Mexican, Puerto Rican, Central or South American. All data were collected at a single time point during the HCHS/SOL baseline clinic visit. The overall self-reported prevalence rate of cancer for the population was 4%. The rates varied by Hispanic ancestry group, with individuals of Cuban and Puerto Rican ancestry reporting the highest cancer prevalence. For the entire population, older age (OR = 1.47, p < .001, 95% CI, 1.26-1.71) and having health insurance (OR = 1.93, p < .001, 95% CI, 1.42-2.62) were all significantly associated with greater prevalence, whereas male sex was associated with lower prevalence (OR = 0.56, p < .01, 95% CI, .40-.79). Associations between study covariates and cancer prevalence also varied by Hispanic ancestry. Findings underscore the importance of sociodemographic factors and health insurance in relation to cancer prevalence for Hispanics and highlight variations in cancer prevalence across Hispanic ancestry groups. Characterizing differences in cancer prevalence rates and their correlates is critical to the development and implementation of effective prevention strategies across distinct Hispanic ancestry groups.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medical Social Sciences, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, United States of America.Department of Medical Social Sciences, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, United States of America.Institute For Behavioral and Community Health, Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, United States of America.Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, United States of America.Department of Medical Social Sciences, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, United States of America.Department of Biostatistics, Gillings School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, United States of America.Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, United States of America.Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL, United States of America.Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL, United States of America.Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, United States of America.Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL, United States of America.Institute For Behavioral and Community Health, Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, United States of America.Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, United States of America.Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, United States of America.Institute for Health Promotion, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX, United States of America.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26808047

Citation

Penedo, Frank J., et al. "Self-Reported Cancer Prevalence Among Hispanics in the US: Results From the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos." PloS One, vol. 11, no. 1, 2016, pp. e0146268.
Penedo FJ, Yanez B, Castañeda SF, et al. Self-Reported Cancer Prevalence among Hispanics in the US: Results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. PLoS One. 2016;11(1):e0146268.
Penedo, F. J., Yanez, B., Castañeda, S. F., Gallo, L., Wortman, K., Gouskova, N., Simon, M., Arguelles, W., Llabre, M., Sanchez-Johnsen, L., Brintz, C., Gonzalez, P., Van Horn, L., Rademaker, A. W., & Ramirez, A. G. (2016). Self-Reported Cancer Prevalence among Hispanics in the US: Results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. PloS One, 11(1), e0146268. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146268
Penedo FJ, et al. Self-Reported Cancer Prevalence Among Hispanics in the US: Results From the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. PLoS One. 2016;11(1):e0146268. PubMed PMID: 26808047.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Self-Reported Cancer Prevalence among Hispanics in the US: Results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. AU - Penedo,Frank J, AU - Yanez,Betina, AU - Castañeda,Sheila F, AU - Gallo,Linda, AU - Wortman,Katy, AU - Gouskova,Natalia, AU - Simon,Melissa, AU - Arguelles,William, AU - Llabre,Maria, AU - Sanchez-Johnsen,Lisa, AU - Brintz,Carrie, AU - Gonzalez,Patricia, AU - Van Horn,Linda, AU - Rademaker,Alfred W, AU - Ramirez,Amelie G, Y1 - 2016/01/25/ PY - 2015/09/24/received PY - 2015/12/15/accepted PY - 2016/1/26/entrez PY - 2016/1/26/pubmed PY - 2016/7/9/medline SP - e0146268 EP - e0146268 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS One VL - 11 IS - 1 N2 - Cancer has surpassed heart disease as the leading cause of death among Hispanics in the U.S., yet data on cancer prevalence and risk factors in Hispanics in regard to ancestry remain scarce. This study sought to describe (a) the prevalence of cancer among Hispanics from four major U.S. metropolitan areas, (b) cancer prevalence across Hispanic ancestry, and (c) identify correlates of self-reported cancer prevalence. Participants were 16,415 individuals from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL), who self-identified as Cuban, Dominican, Mexican, Puerto Rican, Central or South American. All data were collected at a single time point during the HCHS/SOL baseline clinic visit. The overall self-reported prevalence rate of cancer for the population was 4%. The rates varied by Hispanic ancestry group, with individuals of Cuban and Puerto Rican ancestry reporting the highest cancer prevalence. For the entire population, older age (OR = 1.47, p < .001, 95% CI, 1.26-1.71) and having health insurance (OR = 1.93, p < .001, 95% CI, 1.42-2.62) were all significantly associated with greater prevalence, whereas male sex was associated with lower prevalence (OR = 0.56, p < .01, 95% CI, .40-.79). Associations between study covariates and cancer prevalence also varied by Hispanic ancestry. Findings underscore the importance of sociodemographic factors and health insurance in relation to cancer prevalence for Hispanics and highlight variations in cancer prevalence across Hispanic ancestry groups. Characterizing differences in cancer prevalence rates and their correlates is critical to the development and implementation of effective prevention strategies across distinct Hispanic ancestry groups. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26808047/Self_Reported_Cancer_Prevalence_among_Hispanics_in_the_US:_Results_from_the_Hispanic_Community_Health_Study/Study_of_Latinos_ L2 - https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146268 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -