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Molecular mechanisms of STIM/Orai communication.
. 2016 Apr 15; 310(8):C643-62.

Abstract

Ca(2+)entry into the cell via store-operated Ca(2+)release-activated Ca(2+)(CRAC) channels triggers diverse signaling cascades that affect cellular processes like cell growth, gene regulation, secretion, and cell death. These store-operated Ca(2+)channels open after depletion of intracellular Ca(2+)stores, and their main features are fully reconstituted by the two molecular key players: the stromal interaction molecule (STIM) and Orai. STIM represents an endoplasmic reticulum-located Ca(2+)sensor, while Orai forms a highly Ca(2+)-selective ion channel in the plasma membrane. Functional as well as mutagenesis studies together with structural insights about STIM and Orai proteins provide a molecular picture of the interplay of these two key players in the CRAC signaling cascade. This review focuses on the main experimental advances in the understanding of the STIM1-Orai choreography, thereby establishing a portrait of key mechanistic steps in the CRAC channel signaling cascade. The focus is on the activation of the STIM proteins, the subsequent coupling of STIM1 to Orai1, and the consequent structural rearrangements that gate the Orai channels into the open state to allow Ca(2+)permeation into the cell.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Biophysics, Johannes Kepler University of Linz, Linz, Austria; and.Department of Physiology, University of Extremadura, Cáceres, Spain.Institute of Biophysics, Johannes Kepler University of Linz, Linz, Austria; and christoph.romanin@jku.at isabella.derler@jku.at.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26825122

Citation

Derler, Isabella, et al. "Molecular Mechanisms of STIM/Orai Communication." American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology, vol. 310, no. 8, 2016, pp. C643-62.
Derler I, Jardin I, Romanin C. Molecular mechanisms of STIM/Orai communication. Am J Physiol, Cell Physiol. 2016;310(8):C643-62.
Derler, I., Jardin, I., & Romanin, C. (2016). Molecular mechanisms of STIM/Orai communication. American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology, 310(8), C643-62. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpcell.00007.2016
Derler I, Jardin I, Romanin C. Molecular Mechanisms of STIM/Orai Communication. Am J Physiol, Cell Physiol. 2016 Apr 15;310(8):C643-62. PubMed PMID: 26825122.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Molecular mechanisms of STIM/Orai communication. AU - Derler,Isabella, AU - Jardin,Isaac, AU - Romanin,Christoph, Y1 - 2016/01/28/ PY - 2016/1/31/entrez PY - 2016/1/31/pubmed PY - 2017/5/23/medline KW - CRAC channel KW - Orai KW - Orai gating KW - STIM-Orai interaction KW - STIM1 SP - C643 EP - 62 JF - American journal of physiology. Cell physiology JO - Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol. VL - 310 IS - 8 N2 - Ca(2+)entry into the cell via store-operated Ca(2+)release-activated Ca(2+)(CRAC) channels triggers diverse signaling cascades that affect cellular processes like cell growth, gene regulation, secretion, and cell death. These store-operated Ca(2+)channels open after depletion of intracellular Ca(2+)stores, and their main features are fully reconstituted by the two molecular key players: the stromal interaction molecule (STIM) and Orai. STIM represents an endoplasmic reticulum-located Ca(2+)sensor, while Orai forms a highly Ca(2+)-selective ion channel in the plasma membrane. Functional as well as mutagenesis studies together with structural insights about STIM and Orai proteins provide a molecular picture of the interplay of these two key players in the CRAC signaling cascade. This review focuses on the main experimental advances in the understanding of the STIM1-Orai choreography, thereby establishing a portrait of key mechanistic steps in the CRAC channel signaling cascade. The focus is on the activation of the STIM proteins, the subsequent coupling of STIM1 to Orai1, and the consequent structural rearrangements that gate the Orai channels into the open state to allow Ca(2+)permeation into the cell. SN - 1522-1563 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26825122/Molecular_mechanisms_of_STIM/Orai_communication_ L2 - https://journals.physiology.org/doi/10.1152/ajpcell.00007.2016?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -