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Fermented food intake is associated with a reduced likelihood of atopic dermatitis in an adult population (Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2012-2013).

Abstract

The prevalence of atopic dermatitis (AD) has continuously increased throughout the world in every age group, and the recent increase in AD in Korean adults may be related to changes in nutrient intakes due to westernization of dietary patterns. We hypothesized that the prevalence of AD is associated with the different dietary patterns and fermented food intakes of the Korean adult population. We examined the hypothesis using 9763 adults 19 years or older using the 2012-2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We identified 4 dietary patterns in addition to that including fermented foods using principal component analysis on data obtained from a 116-item validated semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire: meat and processed foods; vegetables, fruits, legumes, seafood, and seaweed; rice and grains; and coffee, chocolate, and ice cream. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for AD were calculated according to dietary patterns after adjusting for potential confounders. High levels of consumption (>92 times/month) of fermented foods such as doenjang, chungkookjang, kimchi, fermented seafood, makgeolli, and beer were associated with a lower prevalence of AD (OR, 0.56; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.37-0.84). In contrast, high levels of consumption of meat and processed foods were strongly associated with the prevalence of AD (OR, 2.42; 95% CI, 1.48-3.94). Interestingly, the consumption of coffee, chocolate, and ice cream was significantly negatively associated with the prevalence of AD (OR, 0.53; 95% CI, 0.34-0.82). In conclusion, the hypothesis was accepted. The results can be applied to nutrition education programs for the general population to decrease risk factors for AD.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Food and Nutrition, Diabetes/Obesity Center, Hoseo University, Asan, Republic of Korea.

    Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Keimyung University, Daegu, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: jhb@kmu.ac.kr.

    Source

    Nutrition research (New York, N.Y.) 36:2 2016 Feb pg 125-33

    MeSH

    Adult
    Aged
    Cacao
    Coffee
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Dermatitis, Atopic
    Diet
    Diet, Western
    Feeding Behavior
    Fermentation
    Functional Food
    Health Surveys
    Health Transition
    Humans
    Ice Cream
    Meat
    Middle Aged
    Prevalence
    Principal Component Analysis
    Republic of Korea
    Risk Factors
    Young Adult

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    26826428

    Citation

    Park, Sunmin, and Ji-Hyun Bae. "Fermented Food Intake Is Associated With a Reduced Likelihood of Atopic Dermatitis in an Adult Population (Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2012-2013)." Nutrition Research (New York, N.Y.), vol. 36, no. 2, 2016, pp. 125-33.
    Park S, Bae JH. Fermented food intake is associated with a reduced likelihood of atopic dermatitis in an adult population (Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2012-2013). Nutr Res. 2016;36(2):125-33.
    Park, S., & Bae, J. H. (2016). Fermented food intake is associated with a reduced likelihood of atopic dermatitis in an adult population (Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2012-2013). Nutrition Research (New York, N.Y.), 36(2), pp. 125-33. doi:10.1016/j.nutres.2015.11.011.
    Park S, Bae JH. Fermented Food Intake Is Associated With a Reduced Likelihood of Atopic Dermatitis in an Adult Population (Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2012-2013). Nutr Res. 2016;36(2):125-33. PubMed PMID: 26826428.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Fermented food intake is associated with a reduced likelihood of atopic dermatitis in an adult population (Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2012-2013). AU - Park,Sunmin, AU - Bae,Ji-Hyun, Y1 - 2015/11/19/ PY - 2015/08/18/received PY - 2015/11/16/revised PY - 2015/11/18/accepted PY - 2016/1/31/entrez PY - 2016/1/31/pubmed PY - 2016/10/25/medline KW - Atopic dermatitis KW - Fermented foods KW - Meats KW - Processed foods KW - Vegetables SP - 125 EP - 33 JF - Nutrition research (New York, N.Y.) JO - Nutr Res VL - 36 IS - 2 N2 - The prevalence of atopic dermatitis (AD) has continuously increased throughout the world in every age group, and the recent increase in AD in Korean adults may be related to changes in nutrient intakes due to westernization of dietary patterns. We hypothesized that the prevalence of AD is associated with the different dietary patterns and fermented food intakes of the Korean adult population. We examined the hypothesis using 9763 adults 19 years or older using the 2012-2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We identified 4 dietary patterns in addition to that including fermented foods using principal component analysis on data obtained from a 116-item validated semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire: meat and processed foods; vegetables, fruits, legumes, seafood, and seaweed; rice and grains; and coffee, chocolate, and ice cream. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for AD were calculated according to dietary patterns after adjusting for potential confounders. High levels of consumption (>92 times/month) of fermented foods such as doenjang, chungkookjang, kimchi, fermented seafood, makgeolli, and beer were associated with a lower prevalence of AD (OR, 0.56; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.37-0.84). In contrast, high levels of consumption of meat and processed foods were strongly associated with the prevalence of AD (OR, 2.42; 95% CI, 1.48-3.94). Interestingly, the consumption of coffee, chocolate, and ice cream was significantly negatively associated with the prevalence of AD (OR, 0.53; 95% CI, 0.34-0.82). In conclusion, the hypothesis was accepted. The results can be applied to nutrition education programs for the general population to decrease risk factors for AD. SN - 1879-0739 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26826428/Fermented_food_intake_is_associated_with_a_reduced_likelihood_of_atopic_dermatitis_in_an_adult_population__Korean_National_Health_and_Nutrition_Examination_Survey_2012_2013__ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0271-5317(15)00291-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -