A pharmaceutical study on chlorzoxazone orodispersible tablets: formulation, in-vitro and in-vivo evaluation.Drug Deliv. 2016 Oct; 23(8):2998-3007.DD
Muscle spasm needs prompt relief of symptoms. Chlorzoxazone is a centrally muscle relaxant.
The aim of this study was to prepare chlorzoxazone orodispersible tablets (ODTs) allowing the drug to directly enter the systemic circulation and bypassing the first-pass metabolism for both enhancing its bioavailability and exerting a rapid relief of muscular spasm.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
ODTs were prepared by direct compression method using Pharmaburst®500, Starlac®, Pearlitol flash®, Prosolv® odt and F-melt® as co-processed excipients. Three ratios of the drug to the other excipients were used (0.5:1, 1:1 and 2:1).
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
All ODTs were within the pharmacopeial limits for weight and content. ODTs containing Pharmaburst®500 showed the shortest wetting time (∼45.33 s), disintegration time (DT) (∼43.33 s) and dissolution (Q15min 100.63%). By increasing the ratio of CLZ: Pharmaburst®500 from 0.5:1 to 1:1 and 2:1, the DT increased from 26.43 to 28.0 and 43.33 s, respectively. By using Prosolv® odt, ODTs failed to disintegrate in an acceptable time >180 s. DT of ODTs using different co-processed excipients can be arranged as follows: Pharmaburst® 500 < F-melt® <Pearlitol flash® <Starlac® <Prosolv® odt. Pharmacokinetic study of the optimum formula F1 (50 mg CLZ) in rabbits using HPLC-UV detector revealed a shorter Tmax (0.333 h) compared with Myofen® capsules (250 mg CLZ) (1.083 h) which is considered a promising treatment, especially for the rapid relief of muscle spasm.
It could be concluded that orodispersible tablets are a promising carrier for CLZ designed for management of muscle spasm due to the enhanced dissolution and rapid absorption of the drug through the oral mucosa.