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Sensation seeking as a potential screening tool for suicidality in adolescence.
BMC Public Health. 2016 Jan 29; 16:92.BP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Although suicide could be an adverse health problem related to sensation seeking, this relationship has not been rigorously evaluated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between sensation seeking and suicidality (suicidal ideation and plan) among adolescents and to test the influence of depressive symptom on this relationship.

METHODS

We surveyed 2,017 adolescents in seven middle and high schools located in urban and rural areas in 2012. A self-report questionnaire included items about demographic characteristics, sensation seeking, depressive symptom, and suicide plans. We evaluated the influence of sensation seeking on suicide plan using multiple logistic regression and causal mediation analysis.

RESULTS

Sensation seeking was related to suicide ideation and plan. Sensation seeking was associated with a 13 % greater likelihood of a suicide plan during the past 12 months as the score increased by 1. After controlling for depressive symptom, the effect of sensation seeking was reduced, but still significantly increased the risk (adjusted odds ratio: 1.10; 95 % CI: 1.04-1.16). When depressive symptom was included as a potential mediator, depressive symptom exerted an indirect effect on suicide planning that constituted 37 % of the total effect of sensation seeking. There was no significant interaction between sensation seeking and either demographic variables or depressive symptom.

CONCLUSIONS

Sensation seeking can contribute to developing a suicide plan directly and indirectly via depressive symptom. Sensation seeking could be used to identify high-risk adolescents and provide proper interventions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Inha University School of Medicine, 27 Inhang-Ro, Jung-Gu, Incheon, Republic of Korea.Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, 1071 Anyangcheon-ro, Yangcheon-ku, Seoul, 158-710, Republic of Korea.Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, 1071 Anyangcheon-ro, Yangcheon-ku, Seoul, 158-710, Republic of Korea.Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, 1071 Anyangcheon-ro, Yangcheon-ku, Seoul, 158-710, Republic of Korea. hpark@ewha.ac.kr.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26832355

Citation

Lee, Won Kyung, et al. "Sensation Seeking as a Potential Screening Tool for Suicidality in Adolescence." BMC Public Health, vol. 16, 2016, p. 92.
Lee WK, Lim D, Lee HA, et al. Sensation seeking as a potential screening tool for suicidality in adolescence. BMC Public Health. 2016;16:92.
Lee, W. K., Lim, D., Lee, H. A., & Park, H. (2016). Sensation seeking as a potential screening tool for suicidality in adolescence. BMC Public Health, 16, 92. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-2729-2
Lee WK, et al. Sensation Seeking as a Potential Screening Tool for Suicidality in Adolescence. BMC Public Health. 2016 Jan 29;16:92. PubMed PMID: 26832355.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Sensation seeking as a potential screening tool for suicidality in adolescence. AU - Lee,Won Kyung, AU - Lim,Dohee, AU - Lee,Hye Ah, AU - Park,Hyesook, Y1 - 2016/01/29/ PY - 2015/05/26/received PY - 2016/01/13/accepted PY - 2016/2/3/entrez PY - 2016/2/3/pubmed PY - 2016/9/7/medline SP - 92 EP - 92 JF - BMC public health JO - BMC Public Health VL - 16 N2 - BACKGROUND: Although suicide could be an adverse health problem related to sensation seeking, this relationship has not been rigorously evaluated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between sensation seeking and suicidality (suicidal ideation and plan) among adolescents and to test the influence of depressive symptom on this relationship. METHODS: We surveyed 2,017 adolescents in seven middle and high schools located in urban and rural areas in 2012. A self-report questionnaire included items about demographic characteristics, sensation seeking, depressive symptom, and suicide plans. We evaluated the influence of sensation seeking on suicide plan using multiple logistic regression and causal mediation analysis. RESULTS: Sensation seeking was related to suicide ideation and plan. Sensation seeking was associated with a 13 % greater likelihood of a suicide plan during the past 12 months as the score increased by 1. After controlling for depressive symptom, the effect of sensation seeking was reduced, but still significantly increased the risk (adjusted odds ratio: 1.10; 95 % CI: 1.04-1.16). When depressive symptom was included as a potential mediator, depressive symptom exerted an indirect effect on suicide planning that constituted 37 % of the total effect of sensation seeking. There was no significant interaction between sensation seeking and either demographic variables or depressive symptom. CONCLUSIONS: Sensation seeking can contribute to developing a suicide plan directly and indirectly via depressive symptom. Sensation seeking could be used to identify high-risk adolescents and provide proper interventions. SN - 1471-2458 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26832355/Sensation_seeking_as_a_potential_screening_tool_for_suicidality_in_adolescence_ L2 - https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-016-2729-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -