CTRP3 promotes energy production by inducing mitochondrial ROS and up-expression of PGC-1α in vascular smooth muscle cells.Exp Cell Res. 2016 Feb 15; 341(2):177-86.EC
C1q/tumor necrosis factor-related protein-3 (CTRP3) is an adipokine with modulation effects on metabolism and inflammation. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) exerts multiple biological effects in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and energy imbalance is involved in vascular diseases. This study aimed to explore the effect of CTRP3 on energy production and its underlying mechanism in VSMCs. Our results indicated that exogenous CTRP3 increased ATP synthesis and the protein expression of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS)-related molecules, including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator (PGC)-1α, sirtuin-3 (SIRT3), complex I, II, III, and V in cultured VSMCs. Depletion of endogenous CTRP3 by small interfering RNA (siRNA) reduced ATP synthesis and the expression of those molecules. PGC-1α knockdown abrogated CTRP3-induced ATP production and OXPHOS-related protein expression. Furthermore, CTRP3 increased mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and mitochondrial membrane potential level. Pretreatment with N-acetyl-L-cysteine, a reactive oxygen species scavenger, and cyanidem-chlorophenylhydrazone, an uncoupler of OXPHOS, suppressed CTRP3-induced ROS production, PGC-1α expression and ATP synthesis. In conclusion, CTRP3 modulates mitochondrial energy production through targets of ROS and PGC-1α in VSMCs.