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Cone beam CT evaluation of mandibular molar root canal morphology in a Turkish Cypriot population.
Clin Oral Investig. 2016 Nov; 20(8):2221-2226.CO

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Microorganisms in untreated or overlooked root canals can cause endodontic failure or infection and inflammation. Therefore, clinicians should familiarize themselves with patient's root canal anatomy and morphology. The objective of this retrospective study was to analyze and characterize mandibular root canal morphology using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in a Turkish Cypriot population.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

This cross-sectional study consisted of retrospective evaluation of CBCT scans from 272 adult patients (aged 16-80 years). The number of roots and canals and the canal configuration in each root were evaluated using Vertucci's classification. The incidence of additional roots and of C-shaped canals in the mandibular first and second molars was also noted. Pearson chi-square tests were performed to analyze canal configurations, laterality, and gender (p ≤ 0.05).

RESULTS

For the female and male patients, 94.5 and 94.4 % of the mandibular first and 96.7 and 97.2 % of the mandibular second molars had two roots, respectively. In females, 4.4 % of mandibular first molars had three roots versus 2.7 % of mandibular first molars in male patients. Type IV was the most prevalent canal configuration regardless of the gender (female 61.3 % and male 64.2 %) in the mesial roots. No statistically significant differences according to gender or laterality were found in the incidence of additional canals for either maxillary first or second molars.

CONCLUSIONS

Type IV was the most prevalent canal configuration of both the mandibular first and second molar teeth. There was a low prevalence of three-rooted mandibular molars in this particular population.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

The current study is the first of its kind to include a Turkish Cypriot population and, thus, provides baseline data for these patients regarding appropriate root canal treatments.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey. berkancelikten@yahoo.com.tr.Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey.Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Near East University, Nicosia, Cyprus.Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Near East University, Nicosia, Cyprus.Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Near East University, Nicosia, Cyprus.Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Near East University, Nicosia, Cyprus.Department of DentoMaxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26850623

Citation

Celikten, Berkan, et al. "Cone Beam CT Evaluation of Mandibular Molar Root Canal Morphology in a Turkish Cypriot Population." Clinical Oral Investigations, vol. 20, no. 8, 2016, pp. 2221-2226.
Celikten B, Tufenkci P, Aksoy U, et al. Cone beam CT evaluation of mandibular molar root canal morphology in a Turkish Cypriot population. Clin Oral Investig. 2016;20(8):2221-2226.
Celikten, B., Tufenkci, P., Aksoy, U., Kalender, A., Kermeoglu, F., Dabaj, P., & Orhan, K. (2016). Cone beam CT evaluation of mandibular molar root canal morphology in a Turkish Cypriot population. Clinical Oral Investigations, 20(8), 2221-2226.
Celikten B, et al. Cone Beam CT Evaluation of Mandibular Molar Root Canal Morphology in a Turkish Cypriot Population. Clin Oral Investig. 2016;20(8):2221-2226. PubMed PMID: 26850623.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cone beam CT evaluation of mandibular molar root canal morphology in a Turkish Cypriot population. AU - Celikten,Berkan, AU - Tufenkci,Pelin, AU - Aksoy,Umut, AU - Kalender,Atakan, AU - Kermeoglu,Fatma, AU - Dabaj,Pervin, AU - Orhan,Kaan, Y1 - 2016/02/06/ PY - 2015/09/09/received PY - 2016/01/26/accepted PY - 2016/10/21/pubmed PY - 2017/10/31/medline PY - 2016/2/7/entrez KW - Cone beam computed tomography KW - Mandibular molar KW - Retrospective study KW - Root canal anatomy SP - 2221 EP - 2226 JF - Clinical oral investigations JO - Clin Oral Investig VL - 20 IS - 8 N2 - OBJECTIVES: Microorganisms in untreated or overlooked root canals can cause endodontic failure or infection and inflammation. Therefore, clinicians should familiarize themselves with patient's root canal anatomy and morphology. The objective of this retrospective study was to analyze and characterize mandibular root canal morphology using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in a Turkish Cypriot population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study consisted of retrospective evaluation of CBCT scans from 272 adult patients (aged 16-80 years). The number of roots and canals and the canal configuration in each root were evaluated using Vertucci's classification. The incidence of additional roots and of C-shaped canals in the mandibular first and second molars was also noted. Pearson chi-square tests were performed to analyze canal configurations, laterality, and gender (p ≤ 0.05). RESULTS: For the female and male patients, 94.5 and 94.4 % of the mandibular first and 96.7 and 97.2 % of the mandibular second molars had two roots, respectively. In females, 4.4 % of mandibular first molars had three roots versus 2.7 % of mandibular first molars in male patients. Type IV was the most prevalent canal configuration regardless of the gender (female 61.3 % and male 64.2 %) in the mesial roots. No statistically significant differences according to gender or laterality were found in the incidence of additional canals for either maxillary first or second molars. CONCLUSIONS: Type IV was the most prevalent canal configuration of both the mandibular first and second molar teeth. There was a low prevalence of three-rooted mandibular molars in this particular population. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The current study is the first of its kind to include a Turkish Cypriot population and, thus, provides baseline data for these patients regarding appropriate root canal treatments. SN - 1436-3771 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26850623/Cone_beam_CT_evaluation_of_mandibular_molar_root_canal_morphology_in_a_Turkish_Cypriot_population_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00784-016-1742-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -