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Domestic violence and mental health: a cross-sectional survey of women seeking help from domestic violence support services.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Domestic violence and abuse (DVA) are associated with increased risk of mental illness, but we know little about the mental health of female DVA survivors seeking support from domestic violence services.

OBJECTIVE

Our goal was to characterise the demography and mental health of women who access specialist DVA services in the United Kingdom and to investigate associations between severity of abuse and measures of mental health and health state utility, accounting for important confounders and moderators.

DESIGN

Baseline data on 260 women enrolled in a randomized controlled trial of a psychological intervention for DVA survivors were analysed. We report the prevalence of and associations between mental health status and severity of abuse at the time of recruitment. We used logistic and normal regression models for binary and continuous outcomes, respectively. The following mental health measures were used: Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation - Outcome Measure (CORE-OM), Patient Health Questionnaire, Generalised Anxiety Disorder Assessment, and the Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale to measure posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The Composite Abuse Scale (CAS) measured abuse.

RESULTS

Exposure to DVA was high, with a mean CAS score of 56 (SD 34). The mean CORE-OM score was 18 (SD 8) with 76% above the clinical threshold (95% confidence interval: 70-81%). Depression and anxiety levels were high, with means close to clinical thresholds, and more than three-quarters of respondents recorded PTSD scores above the clinical threshold. Symptoms of mental illness increased stepwise with increasing severity of DVA.

CONCLUSIONS

Women DVA survivors who seek support from DVA services have recently experienced high levels of abuse, depression, anxiety, and especially PTSD. Clinicians need to be aware that patients presenting with mental health conditions or symptoms of depression or anxiety may be experiencing or have experienced DVA. The high psychological morbidity in this population means that trauma-informed psychological support is needed for survivors who seek support from DVA services.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Centre for Academic Primary Care, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK; giulia.ferrari@bristol.ac.uk.

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    Domestic Violence Training Ltd, Surbiton, Surrey, UK.

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    Centre for Academic Primary Care, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

    ,

    Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, UK.

    ,

    Centre for Academic Primary Care, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

    ,

    Centre for Academic Primary Care, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK. School of Clinical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

    ,

    Centre for Academic Primary Care, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

    Centre for Academic Primary Care, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

    Source

    Global health action 9: 2016 pg 29890

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adult
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Domestic Violence
    Female
    Great Britain
    Humans
    Mental Disorders
    Middle Aged
    Prevalence
    Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
    Social Support
    Surveys and Questionnaires
    Survivors
    Young Adult

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Randomized Controlled Trial

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    26860876