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Maternal Attachment Representation and Neurophysiological Processing during the Perception of Infants' Emotional Expressions.
PLoS One. 2016; 11(2):e0147294.Plos

Abstract

The perception of infant emotions is an integral part of sensitive caregiving within the mother-child relationship, a maternal ability which develops in mothers during their own attachment history. In this study we address the association between maternal attachment representation and brain activity underlying the perception of infant emotions. Event related potentials (ERPs) of 32 primiparous mothers were assessed during a three stimulus oddball task presenting negative, positive and neutral emotion expressions of infants as target, deviant or standard stimuli. Attachment representation was assessed with the Adult Attachment Interview during pregnancy. Securely attached mothers recognized emotions of infants more accurately than insecurely attached mothers. ERPs yielded amplified N170 amplitudes for insecure mothers when focusing on negative infant emotions. Secure mothers showed enlarged P3 amplitudes to target emotion expressions of infants compared to insecure mothers, especially within conditions with frequent negative infant emotions. In these conditions, P3 latencies were prolonged in insecure mothers. In summary, maternal attachment representation was found associated with brain activity during the perception of infant emotions. This further clarifies psychological mechanisms contributing to maternal sensitivity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department for Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany.Department for Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany.Department for Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany.Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, Mainz, Germany.Department for Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26862743

Citation

Leyh, Rainer, et al. "Maternal Attachment Representation and Neurophysiological Processing During the Perception of Infants' Emotional Expressions." PloS One, vol. 11, no. 2, 2016, pp. e0147294.
Leyh R, Heinisch C, Behringer J, et al. Maternal Attachment Representation and Neurophysiological Processing during the Perception of Infants' Emotional Expressions. PLoS One. 2016;11(2):e0147294.
Leyh, R., Heinisch, C., Behringer, J., Reiner, I., & Spangler, G. (2016). Maternal Attachment Representation and Neurophysiological Processing during the Perception of Infants' Emotional Expressions. PloS One, 11(2), e0147294. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0147294
Leyh R, et al. Maternal Attachment Representation and Neurophysiological Processing During the Perception of Infants' Emotional Expressions. PLoS One. 2016;11(2):e0147294. PubMed PMID: 26862743.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Maternal Attachment Representation and Neurophysiological Processing during the Perception of Infants' Emotional Expressions. AU - Leyh,Rainer, AU - Heinisch,Christine, AU - Behringer,Johanna, AU - Reiner,Iris, AU - Spangler,Gottfried, Y1 - 2016/02/10/ PY - 2015/08/05/received PY - 2015/12/31/accepted PY - 2016/2/11/entrez PY - 2016/2/11/pubmed PY - 2016/7/20/medline SP - e0147294 EP - e0147294 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS One VL - 11 IS - 2 N2 - The perception of infant emotions is an integral part of sensitive caregiving within the mother-child relationship, a maternal ability which develops in mothers during their own attachment history. In this study we address the association between maternal attachment representation and brain activity underlying the perception of infant emotions. Event related potentials (ERPs) of 32 primiparous mothers were assessed during a three stimulus oddball task presenting negative, positive and neutral emotion expressions of infants as target, deviant or standard stimuli. Attachment representation was assessed with the Adult Attachment Interview during pregnancy. Securely attached mothers recognized emotions of infants more accurately than insecurely attached mothers. ERPs yielded amplified N170 amplitudes for insecure mothers when focusing on negative infant emotions. Secure mothers showed enlarged P3 amplitudes to target emotion expressions of infants compared to insecure mothers, especially within conditions with frequent negative infant emotions. In these conditions, P3 latencies were prolonged in insecure mothers. In summary, maternal attachment representation was found associated with brain activity during the perception of infant emotions. This further clarifies psychological mechanisms contributing to maternal sensitivity. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26862743/Maternal_Attachment_Representation_and_Neurophysiological_Processing_during_the_Perception_of_Infants'_Emotional_Expressions_ L2 - https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0147294 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -