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Impact of pharmacists as immunizers on influenza vaccination coverage in Nova Scotia, Canada.
Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2016 05 03; 12(5):1225-8.HV

Abstract

Immunization coverage in Canada has continued to fall below national goals. The addition of pharmacists as immunizers may increase immunization coverage. This study aimed to compare estimated influenza vaccine coverage before and after pharmacists began administering publicly funded influenza immunizations in Nova Scotia, Canada. Vaccination coverage rates and recipient demographics for the influenza vaccination seasons 2010-2011 to 2012-2013 were compared with the 2013-2014 season, the first year pharmacists provided immunizations. In 2013-2014, the vaccination coverage rate for those ≥5 years of age increased 6%, from 36% in 2012-2013 to 42% (p<0.001). Pharmacists administered over 78,000 influenza vaccinations, nearly 9% of the province's population over the age of five. Influenza vaccine coverage rates for those ≥65 increased by 9.8% (p<0.001) in 2013-2014 compared to 2012-2013. Influenza vaccination coverage in Nova Scotia increased in 2013-2014 compared to previous years with a universal influenza program. Various factors may have contributed to the increased coverage, including the addition of pharmacists as immunizers and media coverage of influenza related fatalities. Future research will be necessary to fully determine the impact of pharmacists as immunizers.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a College of Pharmacy, Dalhousie University , Halifax , Nova Scotia. b Canadian Center for Vaccinology, Dalhousie University, IWK Health Centre, and Nova Scotia Health Authority , Halifax , Nova Scotia. c Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University , Halifax , Nova Scotia.d Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of British Columbia , Vancouver , British Columbia.a College of Pharmacy, Dalhousie University , Halifax , Nova Scotia.e Nova Scotia Department of Health and Wellness , Halifax , Nova Scotia.b Canadian Center for Vaccinology, Dalhousie University, IWK Health Centre, and Nova Scotia Health Authority , Halifax , Nova Scotia. c Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University , Halifax , Nova Scotia. f School of Nursing, Dalhousie University , Halifax , Nova Scotia.a College of Pharmacy, Dalhousie University , Halifax , Nova Scotia. b Canadian Center for Vaccinology, Dalhousie University, IWK Health Centre, and Nova Scotia Health Authority , Halifax , Nova Scotia. c Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University , Halifax , Nova Scotia. g IWK Health Centre , Halifax , Nova Scotia.b Canadian Center for Vaccinology, Dalhousie University, IWK Health Centre, and Nova Scotia Health Authority , Halifax , Nova Scotia. c Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University , Halifax , Nova Scotia. h Department of Medicine , Nova Scotia Health Authority - Central Zone , Halifax , Nova Scotia.b Canadian Center for Vaccinology, Dalhousie University, IWK Health Centre, and Nova Scotia Health Authority , Halifax , Nova Scotia. i School of Nursing, St. Francis Xavier University , Antigonish , Nova Scotia.a College of Pharmacy, Dalhousie University , Halifax , Nova Scotia. b Canadian Center for Vaccinology, Dalhousie University, IWK Health Centre, and Nova Scotia Health Authority , Halifax , Nova Scotia. c Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University , Halifax , Nova Scotia. h Department of Medicine , Nova Scotia Health Authority - Central Zone , Halifax , Nova Scotia. j Centre for Health Care for the Elderly, Nova Scotia Health Authority , Halifax , Nova Scotia. k Department of Pharmacy , Nova Scotia Health Authority - Central Zone , Halifax , Nova Scotia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26863888

Citation

Isenor, Jennifer E., et al. "Impact of Pharmacists as Immunizers On Influenza Vaccination Coverage in Nova Scotia, Canada." Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics, vol. 12, no. 5, 2016, pp. 1225-8.
Isenor JE, Alia TA, Killen JL, et al. Impact of pharmacists as immunizers on influenza vaccination coverage in Nova Scotia, Canada. Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2016;12(5):1225-8.
Isenor, J. E., Alia, T. A., Killen, J. L., Billard, B. A., Halperin, B. A., Slayter, K. L., McNeil, S. A., MacDougall, D., & Bowles, S. K. (2016). Impact of pharmacists as immunizers on influenza vaccination coverage in Nova Scotia, Canada. Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics, 12(5), 1225-8. https://doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2015.1127490
Isenor JE, et al. Impact of Pharmacists as Immunizers On Influenza Vaccination Coverage in Nova Scotia, Canada. Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2016 05 3;12(5):1225-8. PubMed PMID: 26863888.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Impact of pharmacists as immunizers on influenza vaccination coverage in Nova Scotia, Canada. AU - Isenor,Jennifer E, AU - Alia,Tania A, AU - Killen,Jessica L, AU - Billard,Beverly A, AU - Halperin,Beth A, AU - Slayter,Kathryn L, AU - McNeil,Shelly A, AU - MacDougall,Donna, AU - Bowles,Susan K, Y1 - 2016/02/10/ PY - 2016/2/12/entrez PY - 2016/2/13/pubmed PY - 2017/10/27/medline KW - Canada KW - immunization KW - influenza vaccination KW - pharmaceutical services KW - pharmacist KW - vaccine coverage SP - 1225 EP - 8 JF - Human vaccines & immunotherapeutics JO - Hum Vaccin Immunother VL - 12 IS - 5 N2 - Immunization coverage in Canada has continued to fall below national goals. The addition of pharmacists as immunizers may increase immunization coverage. This study aimed to compare estimated influenza vaccine coverage before and after pharmacists began administering publicly funded influenza immunizations in Nova Scotia, Canada. Vaccination coverage rates and recipient demographics for the influenza vaccination seasons 2010-2011 to 2012-2013 were compared with the 2013-2014 season, the first year pharmacists provided immunizations. In 2013-2014, the vaccination coverage rate for those ≥5 years of age increased 6%, from 36% in 2012-2013 to 42% (p<0.001). Pharmacists administered over 78,000 influenza vaccinations, nearly 9% of the province's population over the age of five. Influenza vaccine coverage rates for those ≥65 increased by 9.8% (p<0.001) in 2013-2014 compared to 2012-2013. Influenza vaccination coverage in Nova Scotia increased in 2013-2014 compared to previous years with a universal influenza program. Various factors may have contributed to the increased coverage, including the addition of pharmacists as immunizers and media coverage of influenza related fatalities. Future research will be necessary to fully determine the impact of pharmacists as immunizers. SN - 2164-554X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26863888/Impact_of_pharmacists_as_immunizers_on_influenza_vaccination_coverage_in_Nova_Scotia_Canada_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21645515.2015.1127490 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -