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Amorphous Red Phosphorus Embedded in Highly Ordered Mesoporous Carbon with Superior Lithium and Sodium Storage Capacity.
Nano Lett. 2016 Mar 09; 16(3):1546-53.NL

Abstract

Red phosphorus (P) have been considered as one of the most promising anode material for both lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) and (NIBs), because of its high theoretical capacity. However, natural insulating property and the large volume expansion of red P during cycling lead to poor cyclability and low rate performance, which prevents its practical application. Here, we significantly improves both lithium storage and sodium storage performance of red P by confining nanosized amorphous red P into the mesoporous carbon matrix (P@CMK-3) using a vaporization-condensation-conversion process. The P@CMK-3 shows a high reversible specific capacity of ∼ 2250 mA h g(-1) based on the mass of red P at 0.25 C (∼ 971 mA h g(-1) based on the composite), excellent rate performance of 1598 and 624 mA h g(-1) based on the mass of red P at 6.1 and 12 C, respectively (562 and 228 mA h g(-1) based on the mass of the composite at 6.1 and 12 C, respectively) and significantly enhanced cycle life of 1150 mA h g(-1) based on the mass of red P at 5 C (500 mA h g(-1) based on the mass of the composite) after 1000 cycles for LIBs. For Na ions, it also displays a reversible capacity of 1020 mA h g(-1) based on the mass of red P (370 mA h g(-1) based on the mass of the composite) after 210 cycles at 5C. The significantly improved electrochemical performance could be attributed to the unique structure that combines a variety of advantages: easy access of electrolyte to the open channel structure, short transport path of ions through carbon toward the red P, and high ionic and electronic conductivity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China , Hefei, Anhui 230026, China.Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Beijing 100190, China.Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China , Hefei, Anhui 230026, China.Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China , Hefei, Anhui 230026, China.Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China , Hefei, Anhui 230026, China.Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China , Hefei, Anhui 230026, China.Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Beijing 100190, China. Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Metter, Beijing 100190, China.Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China , Hefei, Anhui 230026, China. Key Laboratory of Advanced Energy Materials Chemistry (Ministry of Education), Nankai University , Tianjin 300071, China. State Key Laboratory of Fire Science, University of Science and Technology of China , Hefei, Anhui 230026, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26866666

Citation

Li, Weihan, et al. "Amorphous Red Phosphorus Embedded in Highly Ordered Mesoporous Carbon With Superior Lithium and Sodium Storage Capacity." Nano Letters, vol. 16, no. 3, 2016, pp. 1546-53.
Li W, Yang Z, Li M, et al. Amorphous Red Phosphorus Embedded in Highly Ordered Mesoporous Carbon with Superior Lithium and Sodium Storage Capacity. Nano Lett. 2016;16(3):1546-53.
Li, W., Yang, Z., Li, M., Jiang, Y., Wei, X., Zhong, X., Gu, L., & Yu, Y. (2016). Amorphous Red Phosphorus Embedded in Highly Ordered Mesoporous Carbon with Superior Lithium and Sodium Storage Capacity. Nano Letters, 16(3), 1546-53. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b03903
Li W, et al. Amorphous Red Phosphorus Embedded in Highly Ordered Mesoporous Carbon With Superior Lithium and Sodium Storage Capacity. Nano Lett. 2016 Mar 9;16(3):1546-53. PubMed PMID: 26866666.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Amorphous Red Phosphorus Embedded in Highly Ordered Mesoporous Carbon with Superior Lithium and Sodium Storage Capacity. AU - Li,Weihan, AU - Yang,Zhenzhong, AU - Li,Minsi, AU - Jiang,Yu, AU - Wei,Xiang, AU - Zhong,Xiongwu, AU - Gu,Lin, AU - Yu,Yan, Y1 - 2016/02/16/ PY - 2016/2/12/entrez PY - 2016/2/13/pubmed PY - 2016/2/13/medline KW - CMK-3 KW - Lithium-ion batteries KW - anodes KW - red phosphorus KW - sodium-ion batteries SP - 1546 EP - 53 JF - Nano letters JO - Nano Lett. VL - 16 IS - 3 N2 - Red phosphorus (P) have been considered as one of the most promising anode material for both lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) and (NIBs), because of its high theoretical capacity. However, natural insulating property and the large volume expansion of red P during cycling lead to poor cyclability and low rate performance, which prevents its practical application. Here, we significantly improves both lithium storage and sodium storage performance of red P by confining nanosized amorphous red P into the mesoporous carbon matrix (P@CMK-3) using a vaporization-condensation-conversion process. The P@CMK-3 shows a high reversible specific capacity of ∼ 2250 mA h g(-1) based on the mass of red P at 0.25 C (∼ 971 mA h g(-1) based on the composite), excellent rate performance of 1598 and 624 mA h g(-1) based on the mass of red P at 6.1 and 12 C, respectively (562 and 228 mA h g(-1) based on the mass of the composite at 6.1 and 12 C, respectively) and significantly enhanced cycle life of 1150 mA h g(-1) based on the mass of red P at 5 C (500 mA h g(-1) based on the mass of the composite) after 1000 cycles for LIBs. For Na ions, it also displays a reversible capacity of 1020 mA h g(-1) based on the mass of red P (370 mA h g(-1) based on the mass of the composite) after 210 cycles at 5C. The significantly improved electrochemical performance could be attributed to the unique structure that combines a variety of advantages: easy access of electrolyte to the open channel structure, short transport path of ions through carbon toward the red P, and high ionic and electronic conductivity. SN - 1530-6992 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26866666/Amorphous_Red_Phosphorus_Embedded_in_Highly_Ordered_Mesoporous_Carbon_with_Superior_Lithium_and_Sodium_Storage_Capacity_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b03903 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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