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The effects of potatoes and other carbohydrate side dishes consumed with meat on food intake, glycemia and satiety response in children.
Nutr Diabetes 2016; 6:e195ND

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The effect of carbohydrate (CHO) foods on blood glucose (BG) is ranked by their glycemic index (GI). Boiled and mashed potatoes (BMPs) are ranked as high GI foods, whereas pasta and rice have moderate GI rankings. The objective of this study was to compare ad libitum consumption of common CHO dishes consumed with meat on meal-time food intake and post-meal satiety, BG, insulin and gut hormones in 11- to 13-year-old normal weight children.

METHODS

Two randomized crossover studies were conducted. At weekly intervals, children (experiment 1: 12 males (M), 8 females (F); experiment 2: 6M, 6 F) received in random order 1 of 5 CHO side dishes of rice, pasta, BMP, fried French fries (FFF) or baked French fries (BFF) eaten freely together with a fixed amount of lean beef (100 g). In experiment-1, food intake over 30 min and subjective appetite were measured for 120 min. In experiment-2, the same outcomes were measured along with BG, plasma insulin and gut hormones.

RESULTS

The results for boys and girls were pooled as sex was not a factor. In both experiments, children consumed 30-40% less calories at meals with BMP (P<0.0001) compared with all other treatments, which were similar. BMP increased satiety, expressed as a change in appetite per kilocalorie, more than all other treatments (P<0.0001). FFF resulted in the lowest (P<0.0001) glucose and insulin at meal end and post-meal and peptide YY (PYY) post-meal. Blood measures were similar among all other treatments.

CONCLUSIONS

The physiological functions of CHO foods consumed ad libitum at meal time on food intake, appetite, BG, insulin and gut hormone responses in children is not predicted by the GI.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26878318

Citation

Akilen, R, et al. "The Effects of Potatoes and Other Carbohydrate Side Dishes Consumed With Meat On Food Intake, Glycemia and Satiety Response in Children." Nutrition & Diabetes, vol. 6, 2016, pp. e195.
Akilen R, Deljoomanesh N, Hunschede S, et al. The effects of potatoes and other carbohydrate side dishes consumed with meat on food intake, glycemia and satiety response in children. Nutr Diabetes. 2016;6:e195.
Akilen, R., Deljoomanesh, N., Hunschede, S., Smith, C. E., Arshad, M. U., Kubant, R., & Anderson, G. H. (2016). The effects of potatoes and other carbohydrate side dishes consumed with meat on food intake, glycemia and satiety response in children. Nutrition & Diabetes, 6, pp. e195. doi:10.1038/nutd.2016.1.
Akilen R, et al. The Effects of Potatoes and Other Carbohydrate Side Dishes Consumed With Meat On Food Intake, Glycemia and Satiety Response in Children. Nutr Diabetes. 2016 Feb 15;6:e195. PubMed PMID: 26878318.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The effects of potatoes and other carbohydrate side dishes consumed with meat on food intake, glycemia and satiety response in children. AU - Akilen,R, AU - Deljoomanesh,N, AU - Hunschede,S, AU - Smith,C E, AU - Arshad,M U, AU - Kubant,R, AU - Anderson,G H, Y1 - 2016/02/15/ PY - 2015/09/08/received PY - 2015/11/17/accepted PY - 2016/2/16/entrez PY - 2016/2/16/pubmed PY - 2016/2/16/medline SP - e195 EP - e195 JF - Nutrition & diabetes JO - Nutr Diabetes VL - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: The effect of carbohydrate (CHO) foods on blood glucose (BG) is ranked by their glycemic index (GI). Boiled and mashed potatoes (BMPs) are ranked as high GI foods, whereas pasta and rice have moderate GI rankings. The objective of this study was to compare ad libitum consumption of common CHO dishes consumed with meat on meal-time food intake and post-meal satiety, BG, insulin and gut hormones in 11- to 13-year-old normal weight children. METHODS: Two randomized crossover studies were conducted. At weekly intervals, children (experiment 1: 12 males (M), 8 females (F); experiment 2: 6M, 6 F) received in random order 1 of 5 CHO side dishes of rice, pasta, BMP, fried French fries (FFF) or baked French fries (BFF) eaten freely together with a fixed amount of lean beef (100 g). In experiment-1, food intake over 30 min and subjective appetite were measured for 120 min. In experiment-2, the same outcomes were measured along with BG, plasma insulin and gut hormones. RESULTS: The results for boys and girls were pooled as sex was not a factor. In both experiments, children consumed 30-40% less calories at meals with BMP (P<0.0001) compared with all other treatments, which were similar. BMP increased satiety, expressed as a change in appetite per kilocalorie, more than all other treatments (P<0.0001). FFF resulted in the lowest (P<0.0001) glucose and insulin at meal end and post-meal and peptide YY (PYY) post-meal. Blood measures were similar among all other treatments. CONCLUSIONS: The physiological functions of CHO foods consumed ad libitum at meal time on food intake, appetite, BG, insulin and gut hormone responses in children is not predicted by the GI. SN - 2044-4052 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26878318/The_effects_of_potatoes_and_other_carbohydrate_side_dishes_consumed_with_meat_on_food_intake_glycemia_and_satiety_response_in_children_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nutd.2016.1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -