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The Family Diet Study: a cross-sectional study into the associations between diet, food habits and body weight status in Malay families.
J Hum Nutr Diet. 2016 08; 29(4):441-8.JH

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Childhood obesity is becoming more common as Malaysia experiences rapid nutrition transition. Current evidence related to parental influences on child dietary intake and body weight status is limited. The present study aimed to report, among Malay families, the prevalence of energy mis-reporting and dietary relationships within family dyads.

METHODS

The cross-sectional Family Diet Study (n = 236) was conducted at five primary schools in central of Peninsular Malaysia. Each family consisted of a Malay child, aged 8-12 years, and their main caregiver(s). Information on socio-demographics, dietary intake and anthropometry were collected. Correlations and regression analyses were used to assess dietary relationships within family dyads.

RESULTS

Approximately 29.6% of the children and 75.0% parents were categorised as being overweight or obese. Intakes of nutrients and food groups were below the national recommended targets for majority of children and adults. A large proportion of energy intake mis-reporters were identified: mothers (55.5%), fathers (40.2%) and children (40.2%). Children's body mass index (BMI) was positively associated with parental BMI (fathers, r = 0.37; mothers, r = 0.34; P < 0.01). For dietary intakes, moderate-to-strong (0.35-0.72) and weak-to-moderate (0.16-0.35) correlations were found between mother-father and child-parent dyads, respectively. Multiple regression revealed that maternal percentage energy from fat (β = 0.09, P < 0.01) explained 81% of the variation in children's fat intake.

CONCLUSIONS

Clear parental dietary relationships, especially child-mother dyads, were found. Despite a significant proportion of families with members who were overweight or obese, the majority reported dietary intakes below recommended levels, distorted by energy mis-reporting. The findings of the present study can inform interventions targeting parent-child relationships to improve family dietary patterns in Malaysia.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medicine, Priority Research Centre in Physical Activity and Nutrition, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia. Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health, International Medical University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medicine, Priority Research Centre in Physical Activity and Nutrition, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia.School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medicine, Priority Research Centre in Physical Activity and Nutrition, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia.School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medicine, Priority Research Centre in Physical Activity and Nutrition, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia. Menzies Health Institute of Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia.School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medicine, Priority Research Centre in Physical Activity and Nutrition, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia.Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health, International Medical University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26879748

Citation

Yang, W Y., et al. "The Family Diet Study: a Cross-sectional Study Into the Associations Between Diet, Food Habits and Body Weight Status in Malay Families." Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics : the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association, vol. 29, no. 4, 2016, pp. 441-8.
Yang WY, Burrows T, MacDonald-Wicks L, et al. The Family Diet Study: a cross-sectional study into the associations between diet, food habits and body weight status in Malay families. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2016;29(4):441-8.
Yang, W. Y., Burrows, T., MacDonald-Wicks, L., Williams, L. T., Collins, C. E., & Chee, W. S. (2016). The Family Diet Study: a cross-sectional study into the associations between diet, food habits and body weight status in Malay families. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics : the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association, 29(4), 441-8. https://doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12356
Yang WY, et al. The Family Diet Study: a Cross-sectional Study Into the Associations Between Diet, Food Habits and Body Weight Status in Malay Families. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2016;29(4):441-8. PubMed PMID: 26879748.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Family Diet Study: a cross-sectional study into the associations between diet, food habits and body weight status in Malay families. AU - Yang,W Y, AU - Burrows,T, AU - MacDonald-Wicks,L, AU - Williams,L T, AU - Collins,C E, AU - Chee,W S S, Y1 - 2016/02/16/ PY - 2016/2/17/entrez PY - 2016/2/18/pubmed PY - 2018/1/24/medline KW - body weight KW - child KW - developing country KW - diet KW - family KW - nutrition KW - parent SP - 441 EP - 8 JF - Journal of human nutrition and dietetics : the official journal of the British Dietetic Association JO - J Hum Nutr Diet VL - 29 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is becoming more common as Malaysia experiences rapid nutrition transition. Current evidence related to parental influences on child dietary intake and body weight status is limited. The present study aimed to report, among Malay families, the prevalence of energy mis-reporting and dietary relationships within family dyads. METHODS: The cross-sectional Family Diet Study (n = 236) was conducted at five primary schools in central of Peninsular Malaysia. Each family consisted of a Malay child, aged 8-12 years, and their main caregiver(s). Information on socio-demographics, dietary intake and anthropometry were collected. Correlations and regression analyses were used to assess dietary relationships within family dyads. RESULTS: Approximately 29.6% of the children and 75.0% parents were categorised as being overweight or obese. Intakes of nutrients and food groups were below the national recommended targets for majority of children and adults. A large proportion of energy intake mis-reporters were identified: mothers (55.5%), fathers (40.2%) and children (40.2%). Children's body mass index (BMI) was positively associated with parental BMI (fathers, r = 0.37; mothers, r = 0.34; P < 0.01). For dietary intakes, moderate-to-strong (0.35-0.72) and weak-to-moderate (0.16-0.35) correlations were found between mother-father and child-parent dyads, respectively. Multiple regression revealed that maternal percentage energy from fat (β = 0.09, P < 0.01) explained 81% of the variation in children's fat intake. CONCLUSIONS: Clear parental dietary relationships, especially child-mother dyads, were found. Despite a significant proportion of families with members who were overweight or obese, the majority reported dietary intakes below recommended levels, distorted by energy mis-reporting. The findings of the present study can inform interventions targeting parent-child relationships to improve family dietary patterns in Malaysia. SN - 1365-277X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26879748/The_Family_Diet_Study:_a_cross_sectional_study_into_the_associations_between_diet_food_habits_and_body_weight_status_in_Malay_families_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12356 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -